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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 12 February 2018

Feb 12, 2018 11:21 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 12 February 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 12 February 2018

     

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following statements related to ‘Health Index’ that was launched recently.
    1) It was launched by the NITI Aayog.
    2) Among the larger States, Kerala adjudged as the top performing State.
    3) Among the smaller States, Mizoram adjudged as the top performing State.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) All of them

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog released a comprehensive a report entitled 'Healthy States, Progressive India'. The report contains a health index that ranked the states on the basis of their performance on measurable indicators such as infant mortality rate, sex ratio at birth and functional 24x7 public health centres.

    The report divided States and Union Territories into three categories, namely, larger States, smaller States and union territories (UTs). Among the largest States, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh are best performed and the worst performed States respectively. Among the smaller States, Mizoram and Nagaland are best performed and the worst performed States respectively. Among UTs, while Chandigarh and Lakshadweep are the top two performing, Dadra and Nagar Haveli was the worst performer.

    The index has been evolved through comprehensive study and inputs from World Bank India and the Union Ministry of Health.

    As per the report, about one-third of the States registered a decline in their performance in 2016 as compared to 2015. The common challenges faced by the States include the establishment of Cardiac Care Units and quality accreditation of public health facilities.

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    2. Consider the following statements related to the National Deworming Initiative that was launched recently.

    1) The initiative is expected to benefit 32.2 crore children across the country.
    2) It covers all the children between 1 and 19 years of age.
    3) The initiative was launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resources Development.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) All of them

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) launched the National Deworming Initiative. The initiative was launched on February 10, 2018 to mark the National Deworming Day. The day was first observed in 2015.

    The objective of the initiative is to reach more than 32.2 crore children, who are aged between 1 and 19 years. It seeks to combat parasitic worm infections.

    About National Deworming Day

    • It is based on a single fixed-day approach to treat intestinal worm infections in all children on 10 February and 10 August each year. On these days, the mass deworming program is conducted.

    • On the National Deworming Day, health personnel and other stakeholders will be mobilized to prioritize investment in control of Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) infections, which is one of the most common infections.

    • This goal of the day is to improve cognitive development, nutritional status and quality of life of children.

    • In order to reduce incidents of re-infection, behavioural change practices in terms of cleanliness, hygiene, use of toilets, wearing shoes/chappals and washing hands will be promoted.

    About STH

    • Parasitic worms or Soil-Transmitted Helminths live in human intestines and consume essential nutrients meant for the human body.

    • They cause complications among the children resulting in anaemia, malnutrition and improper mental and physical development.

    • Eggs produced by parasitic worms are passed in human faeces and spread to others by contaminating soil in areas where open defecation predominant and sanitation is poor.

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    3. Consider the following statements related to Ghatak. It was in the news recently.
    1) It is a multi-calibre rifle.
    2) It was jointly developed by India and France.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, the Assam Forest Department announced that it was poised to be the first non-police or non-paramilitary force to acquire Ghatak rifle. Armed with these advanced rifles, the forest guards of the department will be in a better position to protect rhinos from poachers.

    About Ghatak

    • It was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

    • It is called as a multi-calibre rifle, as it possesses the qualities of an automatic close-combat weapon such as AK-47 and a long-range firearm.

    • The rifle is used by Central Paramilitary Forces and the Assam Police. It is yet to clearance from the Indian Army for usage.

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    4. Scientists have discovered three new species of eel in which of the following places of India?

    a) Bay of Bengal
    b) Western Ghat
    c) Northern Ghat
    d) Andaman and Nicobar

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Scientists have discovered three new species of eel along the northern Bay of Bengal coast in the past few months. Dark brown with white dots on the dorsal side, Gymnothorax pseudotile was discovered at the Digha coast of the Bay of Bengal. The other two species, Gymnothorax visakhaensis (uniformly brown) and Enchelycore propinqua (reddish brown body mottled with irregular creamy white spots), were discovered from the Visakhapatnam coast of the Bay of Bengal.
    While Gymnothorax pseudotile is about 1 foot to 1.5 feet long, Gymnothorax Visakhaensis is about a foot long. Enchelycore propinqua is the smallest of them measuring less than a foot.

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    5. Recently, the Integrated Automatic Aviation Meteorological Systems (IAAMS) has been inaugurated at INS Garuda. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1) INS Garuda is the fourth air station to have been installed with this integrated system.
    2) IAAMS is an ambitious project of the Indian Navy to modernise the Meteorological infrastructure of the nine Naval Air Stations.
    3) The system can also provide automatic dissemination of routine weather reports of the air station as per World Meteorological Organization (WMO) standards to other Air Stations and to ATC tower without human intervention.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 1 and 2
    c) 2 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Recently, the Southern Naval Command chief has inaugurated the ‘Integrated Automatic Aviation Meteorological System (IAAMS)’ at INS Garuda on 09 February 2018. INS Garuda is the fourth air station to have been installed with this integrated system. IAAMS is an ambitious project of the Indian Navy to modernise the Meteorological infrastructure of the nine Naval Air Stations. The IAAMS project at INS Garuda will give a major fillip to aviation safety through automation of weather monitoring process.
    Equipped with the state of the art Meteorological Sensors viz., Radar Vertical Wind Profiler, Transmissometer, Ceilometer and Automatic Weather Observation System, IAAMS undertakes automatic and continuous recording of relevant weather parameters that are vital for accurate weather forecasting.  It has a special alarm feature that alerts the duty staff about any abnormal change of weather parameters that may affect safe flying operations.  The system can also provide automatic dissemination of routine weather reports of the air station as per World Meteorological Organization (WMO) standards to other Air Stations and to ATC tower without human intervention.

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