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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 22 January 2018

Jan 22, 2018 17:52 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 22 January 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 22 January 2018

    UPSC IAS Exam is consisting of three stages i.e. IAS Prelims Exam, IAS Mains Exam and IAS Interview (PT). Every stage has its own significance and smart study is required to qualify every stage of IAS Exam. Here, we have provided current affairs questions based on the recent issues quite useful for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, the Long Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile, Agni-5 was successfully flight tested for its full range from which of the following place?
    a. Dr Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha
    b. Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota), Andhra Pradesh
    c. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram (Thumba), Kerala
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Long Range Surface-to-Surface Ballistic Missile, Agni-5, was successfully flight tested for its full range on 18 January 2018 from Dr Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha. This was the fifth test of the Missile and the third consecutive one from a canister on a road-mobile launcher. All the five missions have been successful. The flight performance of the missile was tracked and monitored by radars, range stations and tracking systems all through the mission. All objectives of the mission have been successfully met. This successful test of Agni-5 reaffirms the country’s indigenous missile capabilities and further strengthens our credible deterrence.

    IAS Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: September 2017

    2. Recently, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas launched Bid Round I under the innovative Open Acreage Licensing Programme. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The Government launched the Bid Round I under Open Acreage Licensing (OAL) Programme for international competitive bidding on 18 January 2018.
    2. This is the largest offering of acreages; the Government has announced in the past 8 years.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    With the objective to achieve Prime Minister’s vision for Energy Security and Sufficiency, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG) has steered a plethora of reforms in the recent past years. Aligned with the objective, the Government launched the Bid Round I under Open Acreage Licensing (OAL) Programme for international competitive bidding on 18 January 2018.

    For the first time in India, 55 bidder selected blocks, each carved out by prospective bidders themselves in promising basins with an area of 59,282 Sq. Kms were announced for bidding. This is the largest offering of acreages; the Government has announced in the past 8 years.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    3. Recently, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative in association with National e-Governance Division (NeGD) and industry partners at an inaugural event in Delhi on January 19, 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The initiative has been conceptualized to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments.
    2. Cyber Surakshit Bharat is the first public-private partnership of its kind and will leverage the expertise of the IT industry in cybersecurity.
    3. It will also include a series of workshops on the best practices and enablement of the officials with cybersecurity health tool kits to manage and mitigate cyber threats.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 2 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative in association with National e-Governance Division (NeGD) and industry partners at an inaugural event in Delhi on January 19, 2018.

    It will be operated on the three principles of awareness, education and enablement. It will include an awareness program on the importance of cybersecurity. It will also include a series of workshops on the best practices and enablement of the officials with cybersecurity health tool kits to manage and mitigate cyber threats.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    4. Recently, India joined the Australia Group. Against the backdrop, consider the following statements:
    1. It seeks to curtail the development of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
    2. India is the first country from Asia to join the group.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    India on 19 January 2018 joined the Australia Group. With this, India became the 43rd member of the group. Besides India, Japan and South Korea are the other members of the group from Asia.

    Previously, India joined other multilateral export control regimes such as the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in June 2016 and the Wassaner Arrangement in December 2017.

    India’s entry into these groping expected to strengthen the country’s bid to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

    About Australia Group

    • The Australia Group (AG) is an informal arrangement which aims to allow exporting or transshipping countries to minimise the risk of assisting chemical and biological weapon (CBW) proliferation.

    • The Group meets annually to discuss ways of increasing the effectiveness of participating countries’ national export licensing measures to prevent would-be proliferators from obtaining materials for CBW programs.

    • Participants in the Australia Group do not undertake any legally binding obligations.

    • All states participating in the Australia Group are parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).

    • The majority of the group members is from Europe. The other members are the USA, Canada, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    5. Recently, the Union Government released the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS) findings on the fertility rate and the replacement level of fertility. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1. The total fertility rate is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her reproductive span (15-49 years).
    2. Replacement level fertility is the level of fertility at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    In January 2018, the Union Government released the religion-wise data collected as part of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2015-16.

    Important findings are –

    • Except in Hindus and Muslims, the total fertility rate has reached below the replacement level in all other major religious groups in the country.

    • The fertility rate among Hindu women declined to 2.1 from 2.8 in the last NFHS in 2004-05. Among the Muslims households, it reached 2.6 from 3.4 in the previous survey. India’s overall TFR was 2.2.

    • Among Jains, it was 1.2, which was followed by Sikhs (1.6), Buddhists or Neo Buddhists (1.7) and Christians (2).

    • Compared to the high-income level segment at 1.5, the fertility rate among low-income groups has reached 3.2.

    • The fertility rate among other groups is 2.5 in scheduled tribes, scheduled castes (2.3) and other backward classes (2.2).

    Total Fertility Rate

    Total Fertility Rate may be defined as the average number of children that would be born to a woman if she experiences the current fertility pattern throughout her reproductive span (15-49 years). The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the birth rate since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in a country.

    Replacement Level Fertility

    It is the level of fertility at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next. However, the migrant people are excluded from the calculation. A TFR of 2.12 i.e., two children per women is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total population numbers.

    IAS Preparation Questions- 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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