IAS questions should be practiced well before the IAS Prelims Exam and it has greater chance to be asked in the upcoming civil services examinations. The IAS aspirants should never ignore such important issues covered in questions which are more relevant in terms of IAS Exam syllabus.
1. Recently, India the Union Cabinet has approved the Extradition Treaty with which of the following countries?
The Union Cabinet has given its approval for the signing and ratification of the Extradition Treaty between India and Lithuania. The Treaty would provide a legal framework for seeking extradition of terrorists, economic offenders and other criminals from and to Lithuania. The Treaty would help in the extradition of fugitive criminals including terrorists for criminal prosecutions from Lithuania who may have committed crimes against India. It will bring the criminals to justice, with a view to ensure peace and tranquillity to the public at large.
2. Recently, the Union Cabinet apprised of the MoU between India and Switzerland on Technical Cooperation in Rail Sector. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The MoU will enable technical cooperation in the area of Train scheduling and operational improvement.
2. The cooperation is achieved through the exchange of information on developments in areas of railways technology & operations, knowledge sharing, technical visits, training & seminars and workshops in areas of mutual interest.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The Union Cabinet has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Railways, Government of India and the Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications of Swiss Confederation on Technical Cooperation in Rail Sector. The MoU was signed on 31st August 2017.
The MoU will enable technical cooperation in the following areas:
a. Traction Rolling stock
b. EMU and train sets
c. Traction Propulsion Equipments
d. Freight and Passenger Cars
e. Tilting Trains
f. Railway Electrification Equipments
g. Train scheduling and operation improvement
h. Railway Station modernization
i. Multimodal transport
j. Tunnelling technology
3. Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on upgradation of the Women’s Police Training Centre of which of the following countries?
d. Sri Lanka
The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Myanmar on upgradation of the Women’s Police Training Centre at Yamethin, Myanmar. The MoU was signed on 6th September 2017.
The MoU covers upgradation of the Yamethin Women’s Police Training Centre to further augment the capabilities of the Myanmar Government to build capacities of its police force with technical and financial assistance from Government of India.
4. In order to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures, a Turtle sanctuary to be developed in which of the following cities?
In order to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures, development of a Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with a River Biodiversity Park at Sangam has been approved under Namami Gange programme.
The project at an estimated cost of Rs 1.34 crore would include development of River Biodiversity Park at Sangam (confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Sarasvati), establishment of a Turtle Rearing Centre (Permanent nursery at Triveni Pushp and makeshift annual hatcheries) and awareness about the importance of river Ganga and imperativeness of its conservation has been approved.
5. The 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, and Richard Henderson:
a. "for the design and synthesis of molecular machines".
b. "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair".
c. "for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution".
d. "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy".
The 2017 Nobel prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Jacques Dubochet (University of Lausanne, Switzerland) Joachim Frank (Columbia University, New York) and Richard Henderson (MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, U.K.) "for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution".
“Cryo”, short for cryogenic refers to very low temperatures. Though the actual temperature is not well defined, it is below minus 150°C. In the context of electron microscopy, it refers to the fact that the object to be imaged is frozen to such low temperatures to facilitate being studied under the beam of the electron microscope.
This method is so effective that even in recent times, it has been used to image the elusive Zika virus: When researchers began to suspect that the Zika virus was causing the epidemic of brain-damaged newborns in Brazil, they turned to cryo-EM to visualise the virus. Over a few months, three-dimensional (3D) images of the virus at atomic resolution were generated and researchers could start searching for potential targets for pharmaceuticals.