English is a very important part in any competitive examination today and in order to succeed in any competitive examination, you should be very well conversant in the English language. That is why, we have started this initiative to give you passages for practice from leading English dailies such as The Hindu, The Times of India, The Indian Express, The Hindustan Times etc.
Question (1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. Some words / phrases are printed in bold in order to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Article: No Boundaries: Indian Sport’s Forever Men
The best thing that has happened to sports in India in a long, long time — longer perhaps than many of us have existed on this planet — is the laudably idealistic yet remarkably pragmatic intervention of the Supreme Court into Wild West territory — the landscape of cricket administration.
So much of what the well-meaning lay people have expected of the men who control sports has been trampled under mercilessly and maliciously, that a good majority of sports-lovers in the country have found refuge in nihilism and come to believe that nothing will change in the state of affairs.
When you think that something has been transformed for the better, very soon you realize it is nothing more than chimerical and it might be foolish and useless to bravely make your way through the haze.
If sports politics is even more Machiavellian than Indian politics in general, then that should come as no surprise. For we resign ourselves to the fact that sport is not a matter quite as important as electing the country’s Prime Minister.
But just when we thought that it is a tunnel without an end, the Supreme Court, headed by its upstanding, noble Chief Justice Mr. T.S. Thakur (who retired recently) has offered us a sliver of hope here or there — in fact much, much more than what we may have come to expect 70 years after the country’s Independence.
A popular, veteran Indian sportsperson, who tried to get into the administration of his sport not long ago, put it succinctly the other day when I asked him what was wrong with sports administration in the country at a time when the nation’s richest, and perhaps one of the world’s wealthiest sports bodies, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), was making front-page news for all the wrong reasons every day.
“You tell me what is right with it. It stinks. I shudder to think that such mismanagement, corruption, nepotism and chaos can exist in 2017,” he said.
Most well-meaning people in the world of sports, when asked the same question, not surprisingly come up with the same answer: “a total lack of professionalism.’’
This is an over-arching judgment that seems to ignore the nuts and bolts of everyday affairs in major sports in the country. From experts down to lay fans, almost everybody has an opinion on why such a huge nation should not be among the leading performers in the world of sport. Infrastructure, money, attitude, culture…you can think of dozens of reasons why India does not stand tall in the world of sport.
Says Joaquim Carvalho, Olympian and hockey administrator “Sports governance in India lacks transparency and accountability. Most officials are not passionate about sports at all. They use this platform to keep themselves in the news and also indulge in corruption.
“I have a poor impression of sports governance because I have seen these officials as a player and later I as someone connected with the conduct of the game. They have vested interest and development of sport is never a priority for them. Basically, it helps them stay in the news, build connections and enjoy junkets. Sports governance in India is absolutely unprofessional.”
While it will be unfair to make a sweeping generalization — there are a few sports that benefit from modern management where the administration is totally transparent in its business. But most are besmirched by feudal attitudes where the top guys have been the same since the days of your childhood, and they appear to claim ownership rights over their ‘property.’
‘Honorary’ positions are not ones manned by individuals with perfectly altruistic intentions. To even expect it is ridiculous. Even saints do what they do to get into the good books of the big, all-knowing, all-powerful man up there.
There is a flip side to all this. Adille Sumariwala, IAAF executive council member and president, Athletics Federation of India, says, “Sports is on the upward swing in India. Television and the leagues in virtually all sports have increased the fan following. Children know the names of kabaddi players, not only cricketers. Television has brought sports to people, there is more awareness. It’s a matter of time before sports emerges much stronger. There are opportunities to make sport a career in life. And so sports is on the upswing’.
But here is the catch. Do we have honest officials with a long-term goal in mind? It is indeed boom-time in Indian sports. But the launching pads, corporate support and fans’ enthusiasm may quickly evaporate if the quality of administration remains the same.
How many of our present sports administrators come in with a clear mandate and then move forward stridently to carry it out? Do they go through the same strict annual evaluation process as do brilliant business school graduates?
Success as sports administrators demands a few basic skills in areas such as communication, organization, decision making, value system and team building.
“Indian sports administrators are special. I must admit that. They are in a category of their own,” said the late Peter Roebuck, my best friend among foreign journalists visiting India frequently, during one of our post dinner conversations.
What Roebuck referred to was mainly cricket but he was curious enough to want to know more and more about other sports. Leadership skills can be either cultivated or learned but the men and women who run our sports are keen on only one thing — staying where they are with a great love for being in the spotlight.
How many times have we seen sports bosses appearing prominently in photographs of athletes who return after world-beating success at airports across the country?
Long ago, a top Indian sportsman returning after winning the world championship told me something that was shocking. I asked him who the gentleman who was hugging him in the front page of a leading Indian English language paper? “I swear, I have never seen the guy before,” he said of a man who was a senior administrator in the sport.
Of course, the nameless one is part of the Forever Men club.
1. Which among the following can be attributed as the central theme of the passage?
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: According to the passage, the sports administration in India is never treated as a serious matter and everybody holds the position of sports administrator like that of a family property. It requires being professional on the part of the administrators for development of sports in the country.
2. Which among the following does not contradict the view of the author regarding the solution to the current problem of sports administration in India?
A. The sports fraternity should be made administrators as they understand the game the best
B. The sports ministry should be disbanded with since there should be no government interference in sports in our country
C. The sports management should be made a professional subject in the academic curriculum of the country
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: According to the passage, the author wants professionalism in the sports management in our country. That makes option 4 the only right choice among the given options since it talks about making sports management a professional course in our country.
3. Which among the following is the main problem of sports management in our country according to the passage?
A. The sports administration in our country is only attentive towards a certain number of games
B. The sports administration does not understand the welfare of the game but is only interested in serving themselves
C. The sports administration is negligent about the sports they are heading and does not even have any long term planning
Solution: Option (2)
Explanation: According to the passage, the sports administration in the country thinks about the welfare of themselves and is not at all interested in the welfare of the game. The second thing is that these administrators do not ever want to leave their posts though they are honorary posts. These make option (2) the right choice among the given options.
4. Which among the following is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?
Solution: Option (5)
Explanation: According to the passage, the sports administrators are not at all poor in our country though the posts are honorary in any organization in our country relating to sports. BCCI is the wealthiest sports body in any country. The second point is that there is no mention of any political connection of the administrators in our country. Those make option (5) the right choice among the given options.
5. Which among the following can be a title for the passage apart from the given one?
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: According to the given passage, the sports administration in our country needs to be more professional in order to make the sports the most important thing regarding sports administration in our country. Option (4) describes that and that is why it is the right option among the given options.
6. Which among the following, according to the passage, describes the pathetic attitude of sports administrators towards the game, in our country?
Solution: Option (2)
Explanation: There is an instance in the passage in which a player failed to recognize a prominent sports administrator when the player was greeted by him. This indicates the relationship between the players and the sports administrators in our country. This is explained in option (2) and it is the right choice among the given options.
7. Which among the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word pragmatic as used in the passage?
Solution: Option (2)
Explanation: The word in the passage is used in the sense that Supreme Court has made a practical intervention in the case of BCCI management in our country. This makes option (2) the right choice among the given options.
8. Which among the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word laudably as used in the passage?
Solution: Option (2)
Explanation: In the context of the passage, the Supreme Court has made a just intervention in the management of the wealthiest sports body in the world i.e. BCCI. This makes option (2) the right choice among the given options
9. Which among the following is OPPOSITE in meaning to the word nihilism as used in the passage?
Solution: Option (1)
Explanation: The word means that the sports administrators believe that nothing is going to change in the sports affairs in our country. This makes option (1) the right choice since it is about approving the change in the state of affairs instead of the refusal to believe the same.
10. Which among the following is OPPOSITE in meaning to the word Chimerical as used in the passage?
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: The word chimerical in the passage implies that everybody thinks there is nothing that can change the state of affairs in case of sports management in India. This is something fanciful if we are thinking of any change in the state of affairs in the sports administration in our country. This makes option (4) the right choice among the given options as realistic means that something can actually happen regarding this.