There are many specialisations in the field of electrical and electronics engineering that students can choose in higher degrees after successfully completing their bachelor's degree. Some of the most popular specialisations in the field are -
● Signal Processing
● Computer Engineering
● Power Electronics
● Embedded Systems
● Biomedical Imaging
● Power Systems engineering (including renewable energy)
Major Subjects covered in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Some major subjects covered in the field of electrical and electronics engineering are as follows -
● Advanced Digital Signal Processing
● Communication systems
● Control system analysis
● Low Noise Amplifiers
● Power Systems
● Signals systems and networks analysis
● Electronic devices and circuits
The field of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE) deals with the applications of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. The coursework here focuses on giving students practical training for designing, developing and testing electrical equipments. It provides them with a wide range of fundamental knowledge in core engineering disciplines such as those of communications, control systems, signal processing, radio frequency design, microprocessors, power generation etc.
There are various course types that students can pursue in Electrical and Electronics engineering. The most popular one, however, is the 4 years undergraduate programme that students can apply for after successfully passing their class 12th. Furthermore, the eligibility criteria for different course types in electrical and electronics engineering is mentioned below.
Eligibility Criteria's for different course types
● Diploma Courses - The candidate should shave passed class 10th examination from a recognised education board.
● Undergraduate Courses - For admission into UG programme, the student must appear for the relevant entrance exams. Also, he should have successfully cleared the class 12th with physics, chemistry and mathematics as the main subjects.
● Post Graduate Courses - For admission into the PG programme also, the student must appear for the relevant entrance exams. And must have an undergraduate degree in a related field from a recognised university.
Entrance Exams for Electrical and Electronics Engineering Courses
Entrance exams are conducted at national, state and university levels for admission into different disciplines of engineering. Some of the popular exams that students must appear for taking admission into electrical and electronics engineering are as follows -
● Joint Entrance Exam - Mains (JEE Mains)
● Joint Entrance Exam - Advanced (JEE Advanced)
● Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
● VIT Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)
● VIT University Master’s Entrance Examination (VITMEE)
● Birla Institute of Technology & Science Higher Degree Exam(BITS HD)
● The Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHTCET)
● Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam (UPSEE)
● Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)
Courses offered in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
The field of electrical and electronics engineering is fast becoming a popular engineering discipline among students. The academic criterion for electrical and electronics engineering is divided into four courses/programmes, namely -
● Diploma Courses- This course offers the students a polytechnic diploma in Electrical and Electronics Engineering and can be pursued both after class 10th and class 12th. The Duration of the course is of 3 years.
● Undergraduate Courses- This is a four-year duration course that leads to an undergraduate degree of B.Tech (Bachelors of Technology) in Electrical and Electronics Engineering. You can do the course after successful passing out from class 12th.
● Postgraduate Courses- This is a 2 years duration course that leads to a postgraduate degree of M.Tech(Masters of Technology) in Electrical and Electronics Engineering. An undergraduate degree in a relevant field is essential for students to pursue this course.
● Doctoral Courses - This is a 3 years duration course that leads to a doctoral degree of Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) in electrical and electronics engineering. A postgraduate degree in relevant subjects is essential for students to pursue this course.
In India, 'Indian Institutes of Technologies' i.e. IIT's are considered to be the best colleges for pursuing engineering courses. Also, the Top 10 UGC recognised engineering colleges in the country as per the NIRF rankings 2018 are as follows -
● Jadavpur University, Kolkata
Some of the popular organisations that recruit electrical and electronics engineer are as mentioned below -
● Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
● Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL)
● Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
● Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
● National Thermal Power Corporation Limited(NTPC)
● State Electricity Board
● Tata Motors
● Tata Steel & Power Limited
● L&T Construction and STEEL
● ZENITH Construction
● Jindal Steel & Power Limited
● OMEGA Elevator
An Electrical and Electronics Engineer earns an average salary of Rs 3 to 4 lakhs per year. The salary prospects for this job rise steadily with the person's experience level in the field.
The field of electrical and electronics engineering deals with the applications of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Students pursuing this course can explore career options in various domains like engineering works, constructions, information technology etc. As an electrical and electronics engineer you will be responsible for designing, developing and testing electrical equipment, software, and networking systems.
Some of the popular job profiles for students pursuing electrical and electronics engineering are as follows -
● Chief engineer
● Quality control engineer
● Control and instrumentation engineer
● Design engineer
● Electrical engineer
● Broadcast engineer
● Manufacturing systems engineer
● Systems analyst
● Electronics engineer
● IT consultant
● Systems developer
● Network engineer