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Career in Food Technology

Sep 6, 2018 11:58 IST
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What is Food Technology all about?

Food Technology deals with a blend of physical, chemical or microbiological techniques and processes for transforming raw ingredients into food and also other forms in food processing industry.

Food processing refers to converting the raw ingredients into edible components or transforming food into other edible forms. BE/B. Tech in Food Technology is a 4-year program. Food Technology deals with the various chemical processes that food products undergo to make them consumable and ready to market. Food processors typically take clean, harvested crops or butchered animal products and use them to produce attractive, marketable food products with long shelf-life. Similar processes apply to animal feed. You can pursue M. Tech in Food Technology after successful completion of BE/B.Tech.

Though Food Science Food Engineering and Food Technology are very overlapping, there are few subtle differences. I am not going to get into too many details on this.

Eligibility Criteria for Admission in Civil Engineering

For pursuing B. Tech course in Food Technology a student should have 50 percent marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in 10+2. Students aspiring to pursue the  Master level course need to have completed B. E./B. Tech. in Food Science/ Food Science and Technology/ Food Technology and Management/ Food Technology/ Food Process Engineering/ Food Engineering/ Dairy Engineering/ Dairy Technology/ Agricultural & Food Engineering/ Dairy and Food Engineering, from a recognized institute with a minimum aggregate score of 45 - 50%.

Courses in Food Technology

There are two major courses available in Food Technology in India. These are B. Tech in Food technology and M. Tech in Food Technology.

Entrance exams for Food Technology

List of Entrance Exams for B. Tech in Food Technology

  • CFTRI:  Central Food Technological Research Institute Entrance Exam: conducted for admission into M.Sc Food Technology Course by the CFTRI, Mysore
  • IICPT: Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology Entrance Exam
  • AIJEE: All India Joint Entrance Exam Exam is conducted for admitting students into the B.Tech course in Food Technology and Biochemical Science. The candidates must qualify the state Joint Entrance Exams (JEE) or the All India Joint Entrance Exam (AIJEE) for joining the course.

Food Technology Subject and Syllabus

  • Cereals
  • Dairy
  • Alcohol
  • Sugar
  • Bakery and confectionery items
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Oil and oil seed processing
  • Meat- Fish

Jobs type for a Food Technology Graduate

  • Food technologist
  • Nutritional therapist
  • Product/process development scientist
  • Quality manager
  • Regulatory affairs officer
  • Scientific laboratory technician
  • Technical brewer
  • Jobs where your degree would be useful include:
  • Production manager
  • Purchasing manager
  • Research scientist (life sciences)
  • Toxicologist

Top Food Technology Colleges in India

  • Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI)
  • National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM)
  • Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology (IICPT)
  • National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI)
  • Food and Drug Toxicology Research Centre (FDTRC)
  • National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)
  • Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR)
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
  • Department of Food Science and Technology, Pondicherry University
  • International Life Sciences Institute – India (ILSI)
  • IISER – Pune
  • Bhaba Atomic Research Centre
  • IISc Bangalore
  • National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)
  • Department of Food Science and Nutrition, SNDT Women’s University
  • Amrita University (Research Projects)
  • Centre for Food Science & Technology, Sambalpur University
  • School of Life Sciences, JNU
  • Agricultural & Food Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur
  • Faculty of Food Safety and Quality
  • Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering & Technology (CIPHET)
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI)
  • National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD)
  • Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI)
  • Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR)
  • National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management (NIAM)
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE)
  • CCS Haryana Agriculture University
  • B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology
  • School of Health Sciences, University of Calicut
  • Dept. of Food Process Engineering, SRM University

Career in Food Technology

There is plenty of scope available in food technology.  The key scopes are given below:

  • As organic chemists, food technologist advises on the methods by which the raw materials have to be converted into processed food.
  • As biochemists, they suggest improvements in flavour, texture, storage, and quality.
  • As home economists, they become the expert in dietetics and nutrition and they test the food and recipes according to the directions on the containers.
  • As engineers, they are required for planning, designing, improving and maintaining the processing systems.
  • As research scientists, they carry out experiments regarding improvement in yield, flavour, nutritive value and general acceptability of the packaged food.
  • As managers and accountants, they manage administration and the finances apart from supervising the processing work.

Job Opportunities for Food technology engineers

Government Jobs

Graduates in B.Tech food technology can find jobs in various government organizations, laboratories etc.  Many firms working under the Food Corporation of India recruit graduates in this field. Initially they are recruited as trainees. In the training period itself they can earn salary of Rs. 20,000/- per month. The training period will be generally six months. After initial training they will be promoted to higher grades based on their capabilities. Their salary scale will also increase consequently after the training period. Apart from salaries they are also provided with good benefits also. Graduates in this field can also try for jobs in laboratories where the quality of food products are tested.

Private jobs

Many private sector organizations recruit graduates in B.Tech food technology. Companies like Amul, Cadbury, Britannia, Nestle etc recruit professionals in food technology. Entry level professionals will be given a six months training initially. After completing the training period they will be promoted to higher grades. The candidates can earn upto Rs. 15,000/- per month in the training period itself. The salary will be further increased after the training period based on the position of their job. Graduates in B.Tech food technology can also find jobs in home catering services that are owned by food entrepreneurs.

Food Technology Recruiters

  • Dabur India
  • ITC Limited
  • Agro Tech Foods
  • Parle Products Pvt. Ltd.
  • Cadbury India Ltd.
  • Nestle India Pvt. Ltd.
  • PepsiCo India Holdings
  • Britannia Industries Ltd.
  • Hindustan Unilever Limited
  • Godrej Industries Limited

Salary after Food technology engineering

A fresh graduate in Food Technology earns minimum 3 Lakh Per annum in India.

Additional Content

Need of Food Science and Technology

Food is essential for all forms of life; and humans need food for survival. Like shelter, clothes, education and healthcare, food is also a basic necessity for mankind.

Majority of the food items are biological in origin. The process of harvesting, processing, distribution, storage and preparation is quite complex. Understanding the process, and solving various problems during the whole process, requires broad-based knowledge and training.

Food scientists are responsible for making safe and nutritious food along with innovative packaging, and that also in abundance. Thus, Food Scientists allow us to make the best use of our food resources and minimize waste of resources.

There has been a tremendous evolution of food system worldwide, thanks to food science and technology (read more). Processed food items are more convenient to consume, and more importantly can be more tasty and healthy as well.

Some of the best examples (products) of food science and technology that we come across in our daily life are:

  • Frozen Food
  • Canned Food
  • Snacks & Fast Food (chips, fries, pizza, burger, pasta etc.)

Microwave Meal

  • Ready-To-Eat Meals
  • Bottled and Packaged Milk (long-life, skimmed, semi-skimmed etc.)
  • Baby Food
  • Low Fat Butter
  • Chocolate
  • Yogurt
  • Coffee (Instant and Filter; don’t know the difference yet? Read here)
  • Cereals (including cereal bars)
  • Packaged Juice (Fruit and Vegetable)
  • Aerated Drinks (Cola), Energy Drinks (Gatorade, Red Bull), Beer, Wine and other alcoholic beverages

DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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