Career in Information Technology

Information technology (IT) engineering is a popular domain chosen by the engineering aspirants to pursue a promising career. IT engineering requires a person to apply his/her knowledge and skills in converting, storing, protecting, processing, transmitting and retrieving information from computers and associated electronic devices. One needs to possess the penchant for electronic devices to become a master of this field.

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Information Technology

What is Information Technology all about?

Information technology (IT) engineering is a popular domain chosen by the engineering aspirants to pursue a promising career. IT engineering requires a person to apply his/her knowledge and skills in converting, storing, protecting, processing, transmitting and retrieving information from computers and associated electronic devices. One needs to possess the penchant for electronic devices to become a master of this field.


Top Information Technology Colleges in India

Information technology as a domain of engineering offers great career prospects. Let us find out the top 10 institutes that offer specialisation in Information Technology (IT) Engineering in India:




Department of Computer Science & Engineering - IIT



Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT



Indian Institute of Technology



Department of Computer Science & Engineering - IIT



Indian Institute of Technology



Indian Institute of Technology



Indian Institute of Technology



Department of Information Science and Technology, Anna University



Indian Institute of Technology



National Institute of Technology


Career in Information Technology

Indian Information technology industry is growing at a faster pace and this industry has the highest contribution to the economic development of the country. As per the report released by IBEF, India is likely to double to reach US$ 250 billion by 2020, growing to 7.5 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP). Such staggering numbers are a proof of the growing demand for IT professionals in various industries. For an IT engineer, there are infinite opportunities and industries in which they can venture for the jobs. Let us take a look at a few money-making offbeat avenues in which they can make their career shine:

Government Sector: In the government sector, there are various departments that require IT professionals. With digitisation in the Indian economy, all the PSUs and organisations require IT engineers to maintain their highly confidential data and protect it from the unforeseen threats. So joining government sector is a lucrative option as it comes with its own perks of job security and consistent salary increment.

E-commerce Industry: Online companies have flooded the Internet and the tech-savvy consumer(s) favour purchasing goods online. This e-commerce boom is a bright opportunity for IT engineers to grab jobs e-commerce giants to earn decent remuneration.

Telecommunications: The subscriber base has grown manifolds in the past decade and with the emergence of low tariff plans, the requirement to manage the systems has also grown. IT engineers are the right people to deal with the issues of this industry.

Biotechnology Industry: Scientists, researchers, big corporate houses, often engage in experimentations that are now-a-days done in digital mode. The need of IT engineers in this industry is also becoming vital due to change in the mode of operations that have now become digital. 

Higher Education: IT engineers can also pursue teaching professions and can choose to teach students at University level. This will help them expand their horizon in terms of the guidance required by the future generation of our country.

Job Opportunities in Information Technology

IT engineers will find the following job titles after completion of their course.  Those candidates who complete diploma course will be recruited at the junior level jobs in the organisations. With experience and promotions, they can expect to reach the higher levels of hierarchy in the organisation. Whereas, the ones who join after completion of graduation and post-graduation course, can join organisation at a mid-level in the hierarchy.

  1. Network Administrator
  2. Information Technology Manager
  3. Computer Support Specialist
  4. Data Security Administrator
  5. Computer Technician
  6. Database Administrator
  7. Information Systems Manager
  8. System Administrator
  9. Computer Support Specialist
  10. Information Technology Recruiter
  11. Process Manager

Courses in Information Technology

IT engineering is a wide field that offers flourishing career prospects to the aspirants. Here are the details about its duration and course at various levels. An aspirant can pursue IT engineering even after class 10th. Take a look at the details of the course and make your career in this domain:

Diploma Course

Polytechnic diploma has become popular primarily because it makes a student half engineer. Diploma course generally is conducted for the duration of 3 years and after completion of this course, students can directly take admission into the 2nd year of under-graduate course. These courses are well suited for those candidates who want to focus the prospects of their career and want to earn from an early stage in life. Diploma course makes a candidate industry ready for junior level engineering jobs.

Under-Graduate Courses

Under-Graduate Courses can be pursued by the students for the duration of minimum 4 years. After completion of under graduate course, a student will earn the title of B.Tech/B.E. Usually students prefer to take jobs after getting a B.Tech degree. The course is aimed to prepare the students for working in the industry so that they can understand and apply skills and knowledge acquired during under graduate program.

Post-Graduate Courses

With the duration of 2 years, post-graduate course polish the raw skills of candidates. A candidate earns the title of M.Tech/M.E (Information Technology) after undergoing post-graduate course. This course is aimed to polish and refine the raw skills of the candidates and aids them to specialise in one domain.

Doctoral Courses

The doctoral course is a step forward wherein one engages in research for duration of 3 – 4 years.

Information Technology Subjects and Syllabus

There are several sub-specialisations under Information Technology (IT) Engineering that a candidate can choose in his/her course. These specialisations make you more concentric towards one domain and this gives an extra edge over the other subjects to meet industry expectations.

Here are a few sub-specializations offered under Information Technology (IT) Engineering:

Data Management and Analytics: This specialisation deals with designing, development and administration of data resources.

Embedded systems: When it comes to embedded systems, one is responsible for embedding smart technology for confidential and secretive operations in business and industry

Management Information Systems (MIS): Producing data that the management can use conveniently to generate findings and results for the benefit of organisation is MIS. 

Networking, Information and Communications Technology: This subset of IT focuses on network applications and management.

Systems Analysis: Those who choose this niche become expert in administering and managing servers at workplaces.

Cyber, System and Network Security: Professionals in this domain are high in demand due to globalisations and threat of unknown viruses that damage high-value data of organisations. These experts specialise in network security and management of information technology

Top Recruiters for Information Technology

Let us take a look at the rankings of India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) to find out the best Indian brands in the domain of Information Technology. IBEF is a Trust established by the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. Thus, their rankings are reliable and are a great source for the employment seeking youth.

Here are top 10 Indian IT Firms to work for are mentioned as under:

  1. TCS
  2. Mindtree 
  3. Mphasis 
  4. NIIT Technologies
  5. Infosys
  6. IGATE 
  7. CMC Ltd
  8. Wipro Ltd
  9. Tech Mahindra
  10. HCL Technologies Ltd

Salary after Information Technology

The current market is cordial for the IT engineers. They can expect a wonderful pay package after completion of their course. Companies are offering good pay packages to IT engineers because they have a crucial role to play in running smooth operations of organisation.

Capitalise on this opportunity and make way for a hefty paycheck in your bank account. Take a look at the salary being offered to IT engineers:


Salary Expectations (INR in Lakhs)

Entry Level

2 - 6

Mid Career

4 – 14


5 – 25

Late Career



Information Technology Entrance Exam

Entrance exam is a prominent method to screen the creamy layer that later gets admission in the best Engineering colleges of India. The aim of engineering entrance exams is to test the aptitude and skills of the students to pursue the higher level of education in a niche domain.

For Diploma Course

In every state Board of Technical Education (BTE) has its separate polytechnic entrance exam for the diploma courses. Here is the list of top diploma entrance exams:

  • Delhi CET
  • Haryana Diploma Entrance Test (DET)
  • Karnataka Diploma Common Entrance Test (DCET)
  • West Bengal JEXPO and VOCLET

For Under-Graduate Courses

  • Joint Entrance Exam (JEE)
  • All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)


For Post-Graduate Courses

For post-graduate courses, various institutes conduct different entrance test as per their rules and regulations. List of some prominent PG entrance exams is as under:

  • GATE
  • AMIE (India) Exam
  • IPU CET MTECH 2018

For Doctoral Courses

For doctoral courses also, various institutes conduct different entrance test as per their rules and regulations. Some of the most sought after entrance exam for doctoral courses are mentioned as under:

  • IIST Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram
  • Indian Institute of Science (IIS)
  • Centre of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (CBCS), University of Allahabad PhD Entrance Exam

Eligibility Criteria for Admission in Information Technology

One of the first steps to successfully complete all stages of the admission process is to understand the eligibility criteria at first. Candidates who are eligible can only apply for the respective entrance exam. Let us take a look at the eligibility criteria of various courses related to IT Engineering:

Diploma Course

Candidates with Maths and Science as their core subject at intermediary level (i.e. class 10) with minimum 50% overall percentage can apply for the diploma course.

Under-Graduate Courses

To pursue B.E./B.Tech (Information Technology) degree, 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as main subjects is required in order to apply for the entrance exams.

Post-Graduate Courses

Candidates who have B.E./B.Tech. (EEE/ECE/IT/CSE/Electronics/Instrumentation/E&I/ I&C), MCA, M.Sc. (CS/IT/SE) is eligible to apply for M.E./M.Tech (Information Technology) course.

Doctoral Courses

Candidates having passed master’s degree or equivalent qualification in either of the domains such as (EEE/ECE/IT/CSE/Electronics/Instrumentation/E&I/ I&C), MCA, M.Sc. (CS/IT/SE) with 60% marks in the corresponding subject from a recognized Board or Institute can register for admission to doctoral courses.

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