16 September: International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
21st International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer was observed across the world on 16 September 2015. The theme and the slogan for the year 2015 are 30 Years of Healing the Ozone Together and Ozone: All there is between you and UV respectively.
This year also marks the 30th anniversary of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer that was signed on 22 March 1985.
On this day, States were invited to devote the Day to promote activities in accordance with the objectives of the Protocol and its amendments.
In India, the Day was celebrated through organising various competitions for school children like poster design competition, painting competition and slogan-writing competition.
Further, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar released a booklet titled Montreal Protocol: India’s Success Story on the occasion.
The UN General Assembly in 1994 proclaimed 16 September as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer to commemorate the date of the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987.
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed on 16 September 1987. It has been recognized as the most successful international environment treaty in history, which has received universal ratification; all countries in the world have now ratified this landmark agreement.
As of 1 January 2015 the production and consumption of key Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) like chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs), CTC halons, Methyl Chloroform and Methyl Bromide have already been phased-out globally.
As per expert estimates, GHG emissions have been reduced by more than 11 Giga tonnes CO2 equivalent per year through the ODS phase-out activities of the Montreal Protocol.
India and Montreal Protocol
India became Party to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on 18 March 1991 and the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the Ozone layer on 19 June 1992.
The Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000, have been put in place to control production, consumption, export, import and trade with the non-Parties to the Montreal Protocol. These Rules are being enforced under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 with effect from 19 July 2000.
These Rules have been further amended to align with the accelerated phase-out of HCFCs and the Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Amendment Rules, 2014 has been published in the Gazette of India in April 2014.
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When: 16 September 2015