All review petitions against Ayodhya verdict dismissed by Supreme Court
Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind was the first to file a review petition against the Supreme Court's Ayodhya verdict on December 2, 2019.
The Supreme Court on December 12, 2019 dismissed all the review petitions submitted against its historic November 9 verdict on the Ayodhya dispute. The top court rejected all the petitions after failing to find any merit in the claims.
The review petitions were taken up for consideration by a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court, comprising CJI S A Bobde and Justices D Y Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan, S A Nazeer and Sanjeev Khanna.
The top court had considered only those review petitions, which belonged to the parties of the four lawsuits filed initially in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case.
Ayodhya Dispute Review Petitions
Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind was the first to file a review petition against the Supreme Court's Ayodhya verdict on December 2, 2019. The Muslim body petitioned for a review of certain parts of the court order, claiming that none of the Muslim parties had prayed for allotment of alternate land. The petition also stated that the apex court’s decision to award the dispute Ayodhya land to the Hindu parties amounted to condoning their illegal acts of demolishing the Babri Masjid.
Other Muslim parties backed by the All India Muslim Personal Law Board also filed review petitions, stating that the Ayodhya judgment was mostly based on Hindu faith than secular principles.
Nirmohi Akhara also sought a review of the order after their claims of 'shebait' (management) of the deity were dismissed by the Court.
Around 40 civil rights activists, who were not parties in the initial lawsuits and the Hindu Mahasabha also approached the court to seek a review of the order stating that the verdict impacted the secular culture envisaged in the Indian Constitution.
Overall, 18 review petitions were filed against Supreme Court’s Ayodhya judgement, among which nine were filed by parties who were not a part of the initial lawsuit and the other nine were filed by "third parties".
The apex court dismissed all the nine review petitions filed by those who were not a party to the original case. With this, the consequential request of the third parties for an open court hearing on these pleas was also dismissed.
A five-judge constitution bench of the Supreme Court, headed by the then CJI Ranjan Gogoi had delivered a unanimous verdict on the Ayodhya dispute on November 9. The constitution bench, while condemning the demolition of Babri Masjid and calling it a violation of the law, stated that the claim that Ram was born in Ayodhya was undisputed.
The apex court in its ruling ordered the disputed land to be given to the Hindu parties for the construction of a ram temple and directed the UP state government and the centre to allocate 5 acres of alternate land to Sunni Waqf board to build a mosque.
The Sunni Waqf Board, though not completely satisfied with the order, decided to respect the court’s decision and comply with the order.