Capital of China, Beijing on 28 November 2014 banned smoking in all indoor public spaces like workplaces and public transport vehicles.
Beijing adopted an anti-smoking bill that prohibits smoking in public places and it will be effective from 1 June 2015. The bill will initially only cover Beijing, later it will cover rest of China.
Already, a dozen Chinese cities, such as Shanghai, Hangzhou and Guangzhou, have launched local legislation on tobacco control.
Provisions of Bill
• It prohibits smoking in open-air space in kindergartens, schools, child welfare institutions, hospitals of women and children, fitness and sports venues, and cultural relic protection sites that are open to the public.
• It prohibits tobacco advertisements to appear outdoors, in public places and transport, as well as in media including radio, TV, films, newspapers, books, and internet. All forms of tobacco promotions and title sponsorship are banned.
• It prohibits selling cigarettes to minors through vending machines and the internet. People who smoke in designated smoke-free areas will be fined up to 200 yuan.
• Legal representatives and people in charge of government agencies, public institutions and social organizations will be given the authority to implement the smoking ban in their workplaces.
China is the world’s largest cigarette manufacturer and consumer. The country has more than 300 million smokers, and smoking is responsible for more than one million deaths in every year.
According to Chinese health officials, some 740 million people, including 180 million children, are exposed to second-hand smoke annually.
In 2011, Ministry of Health of China published guidelines banned smoking in public spaces such as hotels and restaurants.
In 2003, China signed the FCTC. The convention, which became effective in China in 2006, requires signatories to ban smoking in public areas, reduce tobacco supplies and consumption, ban all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
What: Banned by Beijing
When: 28 November 2014
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