The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on December 6, 2018 approved the launching of National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS).
The mission will be launched by the Department of Science and Technology at an expected cost of Rs 3660 crore for a period of five years.
The mission addresses the ever-increasing technological requirements of the society and takes into account the international trends and roadmaps of leading countries for the next generation technologies.
• The NM-ICPS is a comprehensive mission that would address technology development, application development, human resource development and skill enhancement, entrepreneurship and start-up development in CPS and associated technologies.
• The mission aims to establish 15 Technology Innovation Hubs (TIH), 6 Application Innovation Hubs (AIH) and 4 Technology Translation Research Parks (TTRP).
• The hubs and research parks will have four focused areas along which the mission implementation would proceed, which include:
(i) Technology Development
(ii) HRD & Skill Development
(iii) Innovation, Entrepreneurship & Start-ups Ecosystem Development
(iv) International Collaborations
• Further, these hubs and research parks will connect to academics, industry, central ministries and state government in developing solutions at reputed academic, research and development and other organisations across the country in a hub and spoke model.
• For the same, a strategic approach involving a suitable mix of academic, industry and government has been proposed to be adopted.
• The strong steering and monitoring mechanisms in the form of Mission Governing Board (MGB), Inter-Ministerial Coordination Committee (IMCC), Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) and other Sub-Committees will guide and monitor the mission implementation.
• The implementation of the mission would develop and bring:
- Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) and associated technologies within reach in the country.
- Adoption of CPS technologies to address India specific national and regional issues.
- Produce next generation skilled manpower in CPS.
- Catalyse translational research.
- Accelerate entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem development in CPS.
- Give impetus to advanced research in CPS, technology development and higher education in science, technology and engineering disciplines.
- Place India at par with other advanced countries and derive several direct and indirect benefits.
The proposed mission would act as an engine of growth that would benefit national initiatives in health, education, energy, environment, agriculture, strategic cum security, and industrial sectors, Industry 4.0, SMART Cities and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The Cyber-Physical Systems is an integrated system of upcoming technology, which in turn is being taken up on priority basis by countries in the race for development. The system will help bring a paradigm shift in the entire skill sets requirement.
The pan-India mission will boost job opportunities by imparting advanced skills and generating skilled manpower as per the requirement of the industry and society.
As innovation, entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem forms an integral part of the proposed mission, the start-ups will also create a number of technology-driven job opportunities in CPS and allied areas.
Accordingly, it is estimated that around 40,000 jobs will be created in the short term and about 2,00,000 in long term.
The mission will support and encourage the central ministries and departments, state governments and also the Industry to effectively use the CPS technologies in their projects and schemes for the benefit of the society.
The Cyber-Physical Systems and its associated technologies such as artificial intelligence, internet of things, big data analytics, robotics, quantum computing, communication and encryption, data science and predictive analytics, cyber security for physical infrastructure and other infrastructure, have pervaded and are playing a transformative role in almost every field of human endeavour, in almost all the sectors.
Hence, it has become imperative for the government and industries to be prepared to adopt these emerging and disruptive technologies in order to remain competitive, drive societal progress, generate employment, foster economic growth and to improve the overall quality of life and sustainability of the environment.
Who: Union Cabinet