CERN scientists on 19 November 2014 discovered two new heavy-weight subatomic particles belonging to the family of baryon. The sub-atomic particles were discovered at Large Hadron Collider (LHC) beneath the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva, Switzerland.
These two new particles belonging to baryon family are are six times as massive as protons. These baryons are made up of three strongly-bound elementary particles called quarks like protons. These quarks are some of the smallest units of matter.
The two baryons are heavy weight due to their spins in opposite directions in which their quarks configure.
Scientists deliberately crashed two particles into each other in a 17-mile tunnel -Large Hadron Collider to see what they can discover about the makeup of the universe and its tiniest particles. They found these two sub atomic particles never seen before and these can widen the understanding of the universe.
The finding will help physicists narrow down the different ways that quarks can be arranged, which provides clues into understanding the forces that keep them and the most basic building blocks of matter held together.
When: 19 November 2014
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