India on 29 March 2017 became the net exporter of electricity for the first time, as per Central Electricity Authority, the designated authority of Union Government for Cross Border Trade of Electricity.
During the financial year 2016-17, India exported around 5798 million units to Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar which was 213 Million units more than the import of around 5585 million units from Bhutan.
Export to Nepal and Bangladesh increased by 2.5 and 2.8 times respectively in last three years. This export is expected to increase by around 145 MW shortly through 132 kV Katiya (Bihar)– Kusaha (Nepal) and 132 kV Raxaul (Bihar)– Parwanipur (Nepal) line.
Ever since the cross border trade of electricity began in mid-1980s, India has been importing power from Bhutan and marginally exporting to Nepal in radial mode at 33 kV and 132 kV from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. On an average, Bhutan has been supplying around 5000- 5500 million units to India.
The export of power to Nepal further increased by around 145 MW with commissioning of Muzaffarpur (India)– Dhalkhebar(Nepal) 400kV line (being operated at 132 kV) in 2016.
On the other hand, export of power to Bangladesh from India began with commissioning of 1st cross border Interconnection between Baharampur in India and Bheramara in Bangladesh at 400kV in September 2013.
It was further augmented by commissioning of 2nd cross border Interconnection between Surjyamaninagar (Tripura) in India and South Comilla in Bangladesh. At present around 600 MW power is being exported to Bangladesh.