Indonesia in July 2017 banned Islamic organisation Hizb-ut Tahrir Indonesia under a controversial presidential decree.
The step has been taken to safeguard the existence of the Island nation’s pluralist state ideology Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution.
The legal status of Hizb ut-Tahrir, which campaigns for the country to adopt Islamic law and become a caliphate, was revoked on 19 July 2017 to protect Indonesia's unity.
On the other hand, the Islamic organisation condemned the ban and said it "will not remain silent", vowing to challenge the decision in court.
It is the first time in the reform era that the government had disbanded an organisation without due process of law.
What is Pancasila?
Pancasila is the official, foundational philosophical theory of the Indonesian state.
Pancasila comprises two Old Javanese words originally derived from Sanskrit: pañca, meaning five, and sīla, meaning principles.
It is composed of five principles and contends that they are inseparable and interrelated:
• A divinity that is an ultimate unity
• A just and civilized humanity
• The national unity of Indonesia
• Democracy predicated on the inherent wisdom of unanimity arising from deliberation among popular representatives
• Social justice for all Indonesian people
About Hizb ut-Tahrir
• Hizb ut-Tahrir is an international, pan-Islamist political organization.
• The group describes its "ideology as Islam." It aims the re-establishment of "the Islamic Khilafah (Caliphate)" or Islamic state.
• Hizb ut-Tahrir was founded in 1953 as a Sunni Muslim organization in Jerusalem by Taqiuddin al-Nabhani, an Islamic scholar and appeals court judge from Palestine. Since then, the group spread to more than 50 countries, and grown to a membership estimated to be between "tens of thousands" to "about one million".
• The organisation is very active in Western countries, particularly in the United Kingdom, and also in several Arab and Central Asian countries, despite being banned by some governments.
• The group is banned in Germany, Russia, China, Egypt, Turkey, and all but 3 Arab countries.
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