17 October: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty was observed on 17 October 2016 with theme Moving from humiliation and exclusion to participation: Ending poverty in all its forms.
2016 theme of the day highlights how important it is to recognize and address the humiliation and exclusion endured by many people living in poverty.
Apart from this, fighting poverty remains at the core of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the development of the post-2015 development agenda.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal to end poverty in all its forms everywhere explicitly recognizes that poverty results not from the lack of just one thing but from many different interrelated factors that affect the lives of people living in poverty.
This means we must go beyond seeing poverty merely as the lack of income or what is necessary for material well-being — such as food, housing, land, and other assets – in order to fully understand poverty in its multiple dimensions.
Poverty rate in India
The Union government in 2012 stated 21.9% of its population is below its official poverty limit.
The World Bank, in 2011 based on 2005's PPPs International Comparison Program, estimated23.6% of Indian population (about 276 million people) lived below 1.25 dollar per day on purchasing power parity.
Besides, the Global Hunger Index 2016 released by International Food Policy Research Institute in October 2016 ranked India at 97th position. It said India’s GHI score of 28.5 is worse than the developing country average score of 21.3.
The United Nations recognised the day on 22 December 1992 by adopting a resolution and declared 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. On the day, it also invited all States to devote the Day to presenting and promoting, as appropriate in the national context, concrete activities with regard to the eradication of poverty and destitution
However, the first commemoration of the event took place in Paris France in 1987, when about one lakh people gathered on the Human Rights and Liberties Plaza at the Trocadero to honour victims of poverty, hunger, violence and fear. This call was made by Joseph Wresinski, the founder of the International Movement ATD Fourth World.
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