21 September: International Day of Peace
The International Day of Peace was observed across the world on September 21, 2018 to recognise the efforts of those who have worked hard to end conflict and promote peace. The International Day of Peace is also a day of ceasefire.
2018 Theme: “The Right to Peace - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70”
This year’s theme celebrates the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a milestone document in the history of human rights.
The Declaration was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on December 10, 1948 as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations. It was drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world.
The Universal Declaration is the most translated document in the world, available in more than 500 languages. It states in Article 3, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person” and these elements build the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
When was the Day proclaimed?
The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by resolution 36/67 of the United Nations General Assembly to coincide with the opening session of the assembly, which was held annually on the third Tuesday of September. The first International Day of Peace was observed in September 1982.
In 2001, the General Assembly, by unanimous vote, adopted resolution 55/282, which established 21 September as an annual day of non-violence and cease-fire as well.
On this day, the United Nations invites all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day, and to commemorate the Day through education and public awareness on issues related to peace.
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