Union government of India is set to launch ISRO’s (Indian Space Research Organization’s) ambitious Mars Orbiter Mission in November 2013. The total cost of the mission is 450 crore rupees. The unmanned mission, which will explore the existence of life and the possibility of sustaining life on Mars, will travel 299 days in space before reaching the Red Planet in September 2014. The Mars Orbiter Mission will be sent through powerful PSLV-XL launch vehicle.
India spends 3148 crore rupees on space programme a year and has a 16500 strong human resource expertise.
ISRO outlined nine challenges for the space programme: food security, energy security, environmental security, resource security, space security, space transportation, search for life, exploring universe and colonization of Mars.
India will be the sixth nation to launch a mission to Mars after the U.S., Russia, Europe, Japan and China.
Who: Union government
When: November 2013