Karnataka Elections 2018: Governor Vajubhai Vala to take the final call

May 16, 2018 08:54 IST
Karnataka Elections 2018: BJP stakes claim to form government, JD(S) claims numbers

The Bharatiya Janta Party emerged as the single largest party in Karnataka after the final votes were counted on May 15, 2018.

The BJP managed to grab 104 seats in the 224 seat assembly, much ahead of the ruling Congress which won 78 and Janta Dal (Secular), which won 37 seats. Though the mandate is clearly more in favour of the BJP, it has still left the party eight seats short of gaining full majority in the state.

The fractured mandate has raised hopes for Congress to still get a go at forming  government in the state by joining hands with the third largest party in the state- JD(S).

Partywise Trends & Results

(status known for 222 out of 224 constituencies)





Bharatiya Janta Party



Indian National Congress



Janta Dal (Secular)



Bahujan Samaj Party



Karnataka Pragnyavantha Janatha Party









Key Highlights

When the counting began, the initial trends showed the Congress in lead.

However, the situation took a 180 degree turn within less than two hours with BJP taking a lead in over 100 seats.

At the time,  it was widely expected that the party would win full majority.

However, as time lapsed, the party's numbers fell below the required number needed to form majority government in the state.

The Congress and JD(S)in the meanwhile worked to build a post-poll alliance to take down the modi wave.

The hung parliament has only further accentuated the thought that perhaps the best possible alternative is a coalition government.

 Karnataka Elections 2018: BJP stakes claim to form government, JDS claims numbers

What is a hung parliament?

In Indian parliamentary system, a hung parliament occurs when no single political party or bloc of allied parties has won an absolute majority of seats in the legislature.

In a multi-party system with legislatures elected by proportional representation, it is rare for a party to win an outright majority of seats, so a 'hung parliament' is the norm.

A Hung Parliament will either force formation of a coalition government, a minority government or dissolution of the parliament.

So, the party getting the maximum number of seats is generally given the choice of garnering support and proving its majority to get a go ahead to form the government.

The other parties too have oppurtunity here to form the government by forming a coalition with smaller parties.

However, if no party is able to prove its majority or form coalition then a fresh election may be the last resort.

While at the centre, the President takes the call on whom to invite to form the government in case of divided mandate, the Governor plays the role at the state level.

Two possible outcomes of Karnataka verdict:

1. BJP being the single largest party will be invited to form the government. However, it will still have to prove its majority.

2. The post-poll coalition of Congress and JD(S) will be invited to form the government, as the parties together clearly have the numbers to cross the majority mark.

Both the BJP and Congress-JDS have staked claims to form government in the state. Now it would be upto the state's Governor Vajubhai Vala to decide whose claim would help create a more stable government in the state.

The Governor's role in Hung Assembly



• No state government in Karnataka has been re-elected since the Ramakrishna Hegde-led Janata Party in 1985.

• For BJP, it is crucial to form government in Karnataka as it would help reaffirm support for Modi wave and set stage for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.

• For Congress, it is do or die as losing Karnataka would mean reducing its rule to just one big state- Punjab. Apart from Punjab, the Congress has governments in only Puducherry and Mizoram.

• A win for either party would also boost the party’s morale for the upcoming Assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Mizoram.

Read More Current Affairs

Quick Digest

Who: BJP

Where: Karnataka

What: Emerges as single largest party

When: May 15 , 2018

Is this article important for exams ? Yes

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