Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on 20 July 2016 declared a three-month state of emergency in the country. The emergency was declared in response to the failed coup that happened on 15 July 2016.
The decision was made following a meeting with cabinet ministers and top security advisers in Ankara.
While declaring the imposition of the emergency Erdogan said that the measure was being taken to counter threats to Turkish democracy.
2016 Coup Attempt in Turkey
A coup was attempted by a faction within the Turkish Armed Forces against the incumbent Justice and Development Party in Turkey, which ultimately failed. The faction organized the coup under a council calling itself the Peace at Home Council.
The council attempted to seize control of several key places in Ankara, Istanbul, and elsewhere.
The event ended one day later when forces loyal to Erdogan achieved control of military factions that had openly projected military power against Turkey's government and military leadership.
The eroding secularism, democracy, human rights and international reputation was cited as the reason for the coup by the Peace at Home Council.
Effects of the coup
The Coup led to several consequences at domestic level like death of more than 300 people and injury to more than 1000, damage to the Turkish Parliament and the Presidential Palace, mass arrests, suspension or teachers and government employees and many more.
Erdogan has warned of further arrests and suspensions to come as Turkish authorities continued to pursue those they believed responsible for the failed coup.
Erdogan also asked US to arrest the exiled cleric Muhammed Fethullah Gulen. Gulen is a Turkish preacher, former imam, writer, and political figure. He is the founder of the Gulen movement and the inspiration figure for its largest organization, the Alliance for Shared Values. He currently lives in self-imposed exile in the United States, residing in Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania.
Martial Law in Turkey
In 1987, Turkey had imposed martial law-like emergency rule in the southeast of the country. During that it allowed officials to set curfews, issue search and arrest warrants and restricts gatherings as the security forces fought Kurdish rebels in the region. The emergency rule was gradually lifted by 2002.
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Who: State of emergency
What: Declared for three-month
When: 20 July 2016