Powers of Governors and Lt. Governors: How will it Impact two new UTs Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh?

Powers of Governors and Lt. Governors in Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh after it becomes the Union Territories. 

Created On: Aug 5, 2019 18:30 ISTModified On: Aug 5, 2019 18:30 IST
Governor and Lt. governor

Powers of Governors and Lt. Governors:  Amit Shah introduced J&K Reorganisation Bill in the Rajya Sabha that will bifurcate the state of Jammu & Kashmir into two- Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. According to this bill,  Jammu & Kashmir will be a Union Territories with the legislature, and Ladakh will be a separate Union Territories sans legislature.

Until now, the law & order was the state subject that is of the state of Jammu & Kashmir. Now onwards, Central laws world apply in these two UTs. Once this bifurcation comes into effect, India will have 28 states and 9 UTs.

In this situation, where a state becomes UT, we need to understand the differences that it makes. The states and UTs have their own powers and heads. In states, Governor works as the representative of President, whereas, in UTs Lt. Governor works as the representative of President.

Here, have a look at the powers of Governors and Lt. Governors:

Governor Lt. Governor
Governor is appointed under Article 153.  As per Article 239, every UT in India shall be administered by the President, through an administrator to be appointed by him. It is called Lieutenant Governor in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry and Delhi. 
Governor is constitutional head of the states. Lt. Governor is an administrator and not a constitutional head.
Article 153- 167 of Indian constitution deals with state executive (Gov+CM+Council of Ministers+Advocate general of the states). Article 239 to 241 deal with UTs
States have their own government. UTs are directly governed by Union.
Governors works as per the advice of the Council of ministers. In this regard, the Supreme court in 2017 said that Lt. Governor of Delhi has more power than Governor of any state. He doesn't have to listen to the Council of Ministers.


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