Union Government approved signing of the Paris Agreement for dealing with climate change
The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gases emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.
The Union Cabinet, presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, 20 April 2016 gave its approval for signing the Paris Agreement adopted at the 21st Conference of Parties held in Paris in December 2015.
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar, will sign the agreement on behalf of India on 22 April 2016 at the high level signature ceremony convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon.
What is Paris Agreement?
• The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gases emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.
• An agreement on the language of the draft treaty was negotiated by representatives of 195 countries at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in Paris and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015, but has not entered into force.
• On 22 April 2016, the agreement opens for signature. Some 120 states are expected to sign.
• The agreement is meant to enhance the implementation of the Convention and recognizes the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities in the light of different national circumstances.
The salient features of the Paris Agreement are:
• The Paris Agreement acknowledges the development imperatives of developing countries. The Agreement recognizes the developing countries' right to development and their efforts to harmonize development with environment, while protecting the interests of the most vulnerable.
• It recognizes the importance of sustainable lifestyles and sustainable patterns of consumption with developed countries taking the lead. It notes the importance of climate justice in its preamble.
• The objective of the Agreement ensures that it is not mitigation-centric and includes other important elements such as adaptation, loss and damage, finance, technology, capacity building and transparency of action and support.
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