Wassenaar Arrangement (WA), key export control regime, on 7 December 2017 decided to admit India as its new member. The decision was taken during the two-day plenary meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement grouping in Vienna.
The participating states of Wassenaar Arrangement reviewed the progress of the membership applications and agreed to admit India. Countries like Russia, France, Germany and the United States supported India’s bid to the group.
India will become the Arrangement's 42nd participating state as soon as the necessary procedural arrangements for joining the WA are completed.
What is Wassenaar Arrangement?
• Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies, commonly known as the Wassenaar Arrangement, is a multilateral export control regime.
• It was established with an aim to ensure regional and international security by promoting transparency in transfer of arms and dual-use goods and technologies.
• The participating nations of the WA make sure that the export of arms and ammunition does not contribute to the enhancement of military capabilities of the nations, undermining regional security.
• The participatory nations apply export controls to all items listed in the List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies and the Munitions List for stable defence deals.
• The grouping also work to prevent the acquisition of these arms and ammunitions by terrorists.
MTCR, NSG and WA against WMD & India's Stance
How Wassenaar Arrangement will be helpful for India?
• India's entry into the export control regime will enhance its credentials in the field of non-proliferation, although, India is not a signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
• The WA membership is also expected to build up a strong case for India's entry into the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).
• India has low reserves of uranium for its civil nuclear energy programmes. With the entry into the WA, India could secure nuclear fuel more easily.
India became 35th full member of Missile Technology Control Regime
Since the signing of Civil Nuclear Deal between India and the US, India has been trying to get into multilateral export control regimes such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the MTCR, the Australia Group and the Wassenaar Arrangement.
In June 2016, India joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) as a full member. These multilateral export control regimes regulate the conventional, nuclear, biological and chemicals weapons and technologies.
When: 7 December 2017