Bihar state stands in the river plain of the Ganga basin region and is gifted with lush Gangetic alluvial loam with plentiful water resources, mainly ground moisten resources. This makes Bihar's cultivation wealthy and miscellaneous; however it has never touched its full potential.
The main cereal crops of the state are wheat, maize and rice. However, urad, arhar peas, gram, lentils etc. are a number of pulses that are grown in the region.
Bihar is the biggest producer of vegetables, particularly in the production of onions, potatoes, brinjal as well as cauliflower. In fruit farming, Bihar is the major producer of litchi, third major producer of pineapples and the biggest producer of mangoes, as well as bananas. The other major cash crops Bihar are Sugarcane and jute.