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Important Passes in India

A mountain pass locally is the highest point on the route through a mountain range or over the ridge. It played an important role in trade, war, and migration. It also known as notches, gaps, saddles, cols, hauses, bwlch (Welsh), bealach or brennig (Gaelic). Important passes are- Zoji La (Pass), Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass),Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass),Jalep La (Pass) etc.
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A mountain pass locally is the highest point on the route through a mountain range or over the ridge. It played an important role in trade, war, and migration. It also known as notches, gaps, saddles, cols, hauses, bwlch (Welsh), bealach or brennig (Gaelic). Important passes are- Zoji La (Pass),Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass),Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass),Jalep La (Pass) etc.

Important Passes in India

Zoji La (Pass)-It is in the Zaskar range of Jammu & Kashmir. The road route from Srinagar to Leh goes through this pass. It has been created by the Indus River.

Banihal Pass-It is in Jammu & Kashmir. The National Highway NO.1 A that links Srinagar to Jammu goes through it. It has been created by the Indus River.

Shipki La (Pass)-It is in Himachal Pradesh. The road from Shimla to Tibet goes through this pass. The Satluj River flows through this pass.

Bara-Lacha Pass-It is also in Himachal Pradesh. It links Mandi and Leh by road.

Rohtang Pass-It is also in Himachal Pradesh. It cuts through the Pir Panjal range. It links Manali and Leh by road.

Mana Pass-It is in Uttarakhand. The land route to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

Niti Pass-It is also in Uttarakhand. The road to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

Nathu La (Pass)-It is in Sikkim. It gives way to Tibet from Darjeeling and Chumbi valley.

Jalep La (Pass)-It is also in Sikkim and gives way to Bhutan.  The Tista River has created this pass.

Mountain Passes in India

Name

State

Height (ft)

Between/ Separating

Asirgarh

Madhya Pradesh



Auden's Col

Uttarakhand

17,552


Banihal Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir)

9,291

Jammu & Kashmir

Bara-lacha-la

Himachal Pradesh

16,400


Bomdila

Arunachal Pradesh



Changla Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,585

Leh & Changthang

Chanshal Pass

Himachal Pradesh

14,830


Dehra Compass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)



Debsa Pass

Himachal Pradesh

17,520


Diphu Pass

Arunachal Pradesh

4,587


Dongkhala

Sikkim

12,000


Dhumdhar Kandi Pass

Uttarakhand



Fotu La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

13,451


Goecha La

Sikkim

16,207


Haldighati Pass

Rajasthan



Indrahar Pass

Himachal Pradesh

14,473


Jelep La

Sikkim

14,300


Khardung La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,582

Leh & Nubra

Kongka Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

16,965

Ladakh & Aksai Chin

Lanak Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,933

Ladakh & Tibet

Kunzum Pass

Himachal Pradesh (Lahaul and Spiti)

14,931

Lahaul & Spiti

Karakoram Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)


Ladakh & Xinjiang

Lipulekh Pass

Uttarakhand

17,500


Lungalacha La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

16,600


Lamkhaga Pass

Himachal Pradesh

17,336


Marsimik La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

18,314


Mayali Pass

Uttarakhand

16,371


Nama Pass

Uttarakhand

18,399


Namika La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

12,139


Nathu La

Sikkim

14,140

Sikkim & Tibet

Palakkad Gap

Kerala

750

Kerala & Tamil Nadu

Thamarassery Pass

Wayanad Kerala

1,700

Malabar & Mysore

Shenkottai pass

Kollam Kerala

690

Travancore & Tamil Nadu

Pensi La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)



Rezang La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)



Rohtang Pass

Himachal Pradesh

13,051

Manali & Lahaul

Sasser la

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,753

Nubra & Siachen Glacier

Sela Pass

Arunachal Pradesh

14,000


Shipki La

Himachal Pradesh



Sia La

Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)

18,337


Shingo La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)



Spangur Gap

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)



Gyong La

Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)

18,655


Bilafond La

Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)

17,881


Sin La

Uttarakhand



Tanglang La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,583


Traill's Pass

Uttarakhand

17,100


Zojila Pass

Jammu and Kashmir  (Kashmir, Ladakh)

12,400

Kashmir & Ladakh