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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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What are Landslides and its remedial steps?

Dec 27, 2017
We often heard about the incident of landslides, but do you know what causes landslides and how it can be prevented. Here, we are giving the definition, types, cause and remedial steps for landslides which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Do you know the reason of daily variation of temperature

Dec 20, 2017
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing the subjective perceptions of hot and cold. The connection and interactions between the sun and the Earth drive the seasons, ocean currents, weather, climate, radiation belts and aurorae. Find the concept of weather, climate, climate variability and why there are variations in daily temperature.

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Dec 14, 2017
Indian subcontinent is not only well known for its Cultural diversity, but also have a diverse range of flora and fauna. Human activities are permitted in a wildlife sanctuary whereas these are completely restricted in a national park. Hunting is prohibited without permission in a sanctuary; however, grazing and movement of cattle is permitted. Therefore, India houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that help in preserving the wildlife in its natural form. Hunting and grazing are totally prohibited in a national park.

List of Marine Protected Areas in India

Dec 11, 2017
The Marine Protected Area is the place in the ocean where exploitative human activities and interventions are strictly regulated just like in National Parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserve. Find out the list of marine protected areas in India for general awareness.

Inside our Earth

Dec 7, 2017
The earth is a dynamic planet because it is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside. The earth is made up of several concentric layers with one inside another. There are three types of layer- crust, mantle and core. The crust is the uppermost layer over the earth’s surface which is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors. The mantle has been just beneath the crust, which is extended up to a depth of 2900 km. below the crust.The innermost layer is the core, with a radius of about 3500 km.

Our Changing view of the Universe

Dec 7, 2017
The Greek astronomers thought that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the moon, the planets, the sun and stars were orbiting around it. In the 6th century, it was Aryabhatta who stated that the rotation of the heavenly bodies is due to the rotation of the earth around its axis. In the 15th century, Nicholas Copernicus opined that the sun was at the centre of the solar system and planets revolve around it. In the 16th century, Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary orbits.

What are the differences between El Nino and La Nina?

Dec 4, 2017
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.

How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?

Nov 29, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific and the most powerful phenomenon of the Earth. Here, we are giving the write-up on the ‘How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?’ for general awareness.

Pharmaceutical Industries in India

Nov 27, 2017
India's Pharmaceutical Industry is leading manufacturers and is becoming global players, utilizing both organic growths, through the gradual development of their business. Currently, it represents just U.S. $6 billion of the $550 billion global pharmaceutical industry, but its share is increasing at 10 percent a year, compared to 7 percent annual growth in the world market overall. The “organized” sector of India's pharmaceutical industry consists of 250 to 300 companies, which account for 70 percent of products on the market, with the top 10 firms representing 30 per cent.

Agro-Based Industries in India

Nov 27, 2017
The agro-based industry includes indutries related to textiles, sugar, paper and vegetable oil. These industries use agricultural products as their raw materials. Textile industry is the largest industry in the organized sector. It comprises of (i) cotton textiles, (ii) woollen textiles, (iii) silk textiles (iv) synthetic fibres and (v) jute textile industries. Textiles have been a major component of the industrial sector. It accounts for nearly a fifth of the industrial output and a third of the export earnings.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Cooperative Societies can be defined as an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise". India is an agricultural country and laid the foundation of World’s biggest cooperative movement in the world. Here, we are giving a brief summary of the Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India for general awareness.

What is Cartography and how was the first map come to the modern World?

Nov 23, 2017
From the evolution of humankind in the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from the ancient world to the modern world.

Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ): Causes and Impact

Nov 7, 2017
The ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) play important role in the global circulation system and also known as the Equatorial Convergence Zone or Intertropical Front. It is a basically low pressure belt encircling Earth near the Equator. It is a zone of convergence where the trade winds meet. Here, we are giving the concept, causes and impact of ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) for general awareness.

Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification

Nov 6, 2017
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.

List of Major Rivers in India

Nov 6, 2017
90 per cent of India's river discharges their water into the Bay of Bengal and rest are in the Arabian Sea. The drainage systems flowing into the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal are separated by a water divide extending approximately along the Western Ghats, Aravalli and Yamuna Sutlej divide. Here, we are giving the list of Major Rivers in India for general awareness.

Interesting facts about Polar Regions

Oct 3, 2017
The regions of Earth surrounding its geographical poles (North Pole and South Pole) are known as Polar Regions. It is also known as Frigid Zone because these regions are dominated by Earth's polar ice caps, the northern resting on the Arctic Ocean and the southern on the continent of Antarctica. These regions are the zones in higher latitudes where there is never any summer in the sense that is understood in our moderate latitudes. Here, we are giving interesting facts about Polar Regions of Earth in general awareness.

Advantages and Disadvantages of interlinking Rivers in India

Sep 26, 2017
The purpose of interlinking the rivers is to join the Indian rivers through reservoirs and canals. This will solve the problems of flood and will provide water throughout the year. Farmers will also get benefit as they will not be dependent on monsoon for water etc. This article is based on the River linking project, in which its history and the benefits of this project are given.

Our Changing Earth

Sep 20, 2017
When the lithosphere is broken into a number of plates is called the Lithospheric plates. The plates are moving because they are floating on the molten magma inside the earth. The movement of lithospheric plates causes changes on the surface of the earth. There are two types of the earth movements which are divided on the basis of the forces- endogenous forces and exogenous forces. These movements like volcano and earth quakes cause mass destruction over the surface of the earth.

List of India’s neighbouring countries

Sep 12, 2017
India is located latitudinally in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. Here, we are giving the list of India’s neighbouring countries and the states of India, which border them that will helps the students to enhance their general knowledge in dealing with the questions related to Geography of India in different competitive examinations as well as academic examination.

What is the difference between ethnicity and race?

Sep 11, 2017
The diversity is used to describe entities with members who have identifiable differences in their biological as well as cultural backgrounds or lifestyles. This diversity is complemented by races and ethnicity. The term “Race" and "Ethnicity" are often used interchangeably but have separate meaning– one as ‘biological quality’ and second one as ‘cultural phenomenon’. Here, we are giving the basic difference between the race and ethnicity for general awareness.

List of the Major Railways Zones in India

Sep 8, 2017
The Indian Railways is divided into 17 zone and around 73 sub-divisional headquarter. North Zone is the largest Railway Zone of Indian Railways. There are three types of rail lines in India: Broad Gauge; Meter Gauge; and Narrow Gauge. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Railways Zones in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

Top 10 Highest Peaks Of India

Sep 7, 2017
India is a blessed with diversity not only culturally but also with physical features like dry desert, evergreen forest, snowy mountains, long coast and fertile plain.In this article we are giving the detail of the highest peaks of India. The following is the list of Top 10 Highest Peaks in India. Kanchenjunga tops the list followed by Nanda Devi and Saltoro Kangri.

List of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment

Sep 6, 2017
Pollutant is a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere. It can enter the environment naturally, such as from volcanic eruptions, or through human activities, such as burning coal and gasoline. Here, we are giving the list of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment for general awareness.

List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil

Sep 5, 2017
India is a land of diversity not only culturally but also by soil profile and climate due to this a variety of food and cash crops is grown. Here, we are giving the “List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil” along with their temperature, rainfall and soil that they require to grow, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Worldwide Hot Spots Region

Sep 4, 2017
Hot Spots are biogeographic regions with significant levels of biodiversity are areas that are severely threatened by human activities. A number of factors are important in determining the priority status of a given hot spot. Some of the most important factors are the number of plant and animal species found in the hot spot and nowhere else in the world; the degree of habitat loss and the number of endemic plant and animal species per unit area. Here, we are giving the list of Worldwide Hot Spots Region for general awareness.

List of Defence Public Sector Undertakings in India

Aug 31, 2017
The Public Sectors Undertakings (PSUs) can be classified as Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs), Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) and Public Sector Banks (PSBs). They are also classified on the basis of working areas into ‘strategic’ and ‘non-strategic’: Arms & Ammunition and the allied items of defence equipment’s, defence air-crafts and warships; Atomic Energy; Railways transport. Here, we are giving the list of Defence Public Sector Undertakings in India for general awareness.

List of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) of Shipping Industry in India

Aug 31, 2017
The Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are the government-owned corporations in which majority (51% or more) of the paid up share capital is held by central government or by any state government or partly by the central governments and partly by one or more state governments. Here we are giving the list of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) of Shipping Industry in India for general awareness.

List of Indian States and their Symbols

Aug 14, 2017
India i.e. Bharat, shall be Union of 29 States and 7 Union Territories rather than Federation of the states and UTs. Every Indian states and union territories have their symbols like state animal, state bird, state flower etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian states and their Symbol with their common name and scientific name.

List of Important National Highways of India

Aug 14, 2017
The road network of India has grown from 4 lakh kms in 1951 to more than 33 lakh km. It is the second largest in the world. In India, roads are classified on the basis of management into three categories: National Highways; State highways; and Border Roads. Here, we are giving the list important National Highways which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

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