Every Year on 21st March International Day of Forests or World Forestry Day is celebrated worldwide at the international level to increase the awareness about importance of forests, woodlands and trees in our lives. It is important to understand the values, significance and contributions of the forests to balance the life cycle on earth. An issue like deforestation is also addressed on this day. Various local and global level activities for the International Day of Forests are celebrated or promoted by the UN with governments, community organizations and the general public. This article deals with the importance of forests in our life, what is International Day of Forests, why it is celebrated on 21st March, what is the theme of International Day of Forests 2018.
Theme of International Forests Day 2018
The Theme of International Forests Day 2018 is “Forests and Sustainable Cities.” This celebration will provide a platform for the people, communities at the local, National and International level to understand that Forests protect and sustain us. The life cycle on earth depends on them. Various activities are performed on this day like tree planting campaigns, photo that exhibits the importance of trees and forests in our lives, sharing messages, information via social media and groups to aware people.
International Day of Forests: History
We know that Forests cover about one-third of the world's land mass. People and various indigenous cultures depend upon forests for livelihood. Forests plays a vital role in our life like they provide shelter to animals, insects, balance oxygen, carbon dioxide and humidity in the air, protect watersheds which supply fresh water to rivers, etc.
In 1971, The World Forestry Day was established at the 23rd General Assembly of European Confederation of Agriculture. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation decided it to celebrate every year on 21st March. This event was decided to create awareness among the public about the importance of trees.
In 2012 on 28th November, International Day of Forests was first established and decided it to celebrate on 21st March. Later, the United Nation General Assembly united the two international commemorations i.e. the World Forestry Day and International Day of Forests and decides to celebrate on 21st March every year. It is necessary to understand the values of Forests, trees, plants as they provide raw material, source of income by providing local employment, etc.
Therefore, we understood why World Forestry Day or International Day of Forests is celebrated every year on 21st March. Forests are life, we should plant trees, they maintain the balance of life on earth, improve local climate, provide oxygen and stores carbon dioxide, generate tourism, improve mental health, prevent us from diseases, provide a place for the people to socialise, etc.