The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was formed in 1964 for the liberating Palestine from Israel through armed struggle. It is a broad national front or an umbrella organisation of organisations of the resistance movement, political parties and independent personalities and figures from all sectors of life.
Although, it is recognises by more than 100 States as sole legitimate representative of Palestinian people and has enjoyed as observer at United Nations since 1974 but USA and Israel considered as a terrorist organisation until the Madrid Conference of 1991.
Organisational Structure of Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
Palestine National Council: It is apex decision making body of PLO. It is considered as the parliament of all Palestine regions (inside and outside of the Occupied Palestine Territory). It defines the policies of PLO, elects the Executive Committee and responsible of changes in Palestine National Charter (PNC).
Central Council: It functions as an intermediary body between the PNC (Palestine National Charter) and the Executive Committee.
Executive Committee: It is elected by the members of PNC and it represents PLO at international level. It executes the policies and decisions set out by the PNC and Central Council.
Palestine National Fund: It is elected body by the PNC for management of Funds who automatically serves on the Executive Committee.
Palestine Liberation Army: it was formed as the official military branch of PLO in 1964.
Stands of United Nation towards Palestine Issue
The UN General Assembly established the Division for Palestinian Rights on 2 December 1977. The core functions of the Division are as follows:
1. Providing substantive support and secretariat services for the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People;
2. Assisting the Committee in the exercise of its mandate and the promotion and implementation of its commendations;
3. Planning, organizing and servicing the Committee’s programme of international meetings and conferences;
4. Maintaining liaison with civil society organizations which are active on the issue;
5. Organizing the annual commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People;
6. Preparing studies and publications relating to the question of Palestine and the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people and promoting their widest possible dissemination, including in cooperation with the Department of Public Information;
7. Maintaining and developing the Web-based United Nations Information System on the Question of Palestine (UNISPAL).