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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 16 May 2017

May 16, 2017 15:48 IST
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current affairs 16 May 2017

Current affairs and issues with the latest economic and social structure of the nation form the core part of the IAS exam. In the IAS prelims exam, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 12 May 2017

We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared an Ebola outbreak in which of the following country?

a. Sierra Leone
b. Ghana
c. Democratic Republic of Congo
d. All of the above

Answer: c

Explanation:

The World Health Organization has declared an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Africa. Of the nine people suspected to have contracted the deadly virus, three have already died. More than 11,000 people died in the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2014-2015, mainly in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

The last outbreak in the DRC was in 2014 and killed more than 40 people. The region affected lies 1,300 km north-east of Kinshasa, close to the border with the Central African Republic. This outbreak will be worrying for communities in this remote part of the DRC and health workers.

2.    The Union Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare recently launched at the e-Krishi Samvad. Consider the following statements regarding e-krishi samvad:

1)    e-Krishi Samvad is a unique platform that will provide direct and effective solutions to the problems faced by farmers.

2)    People can directly connect to the ICAR website and get the appropriate solutions from the subject matter specialists.

Which of the above statement is true?

a.    Only 1
b.    Only 2
c.    Both 1 and 2
d.    Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c

Explanation:

The Union Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launched the e-Krishi Samvad and specified that it is internet-based interface and a unique platform that will provide direct and effective solutions to the problems faced by farmers and stakeholders in the agriculture sector.

The People can directly connect to the ICAR website and get the appropriate solutions from the subject matter specialists and institutes through web or SMS. Stakeholders can upload photographs related to diseases of the crops, animals or fishes for diagnostics and remedial measures instantly from the specialists. E-Krishi Samvad is useful to get information pertaining to welfare and development of agricultural stakeholders.

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

3.    The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) cleared GM mustard for environmental release and use in farmer fields. Consider the following statements regarding the GM mustard:

1)    GM mustard would be the second transgenic food crop to be allowed for commercial cultivation in Indian fields after BT Brinjal.

2)    Dhara Mustard Hybrid (DMH -11) uses a system of genes from soil bacterium that makes mustard better suited to hybridization.

Which of the above statement is true?

a.    Only 1
b.    Only 2
c.    Both 1 and 2
d.    Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b

Explanation:

Recently, the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC), India's apex regulator for genetically modified seeds cleared the GM mustard for environmental release and use in farmer fields.

However, the approval is contingent on a final nod from Environment Ministry. GM mustard would be the first transgenic food crop to be allowed for commercial cultivation in Indian fields and would be a gateway for several genetically-modified food crops in India. Bt Brinjal was cleared by the Committee in 2010 but was blocked by then Environment Ministry.

Dhara Mustard Hybrid (DMH -11), the transgenic mustard in question, has been developed by a team of scientists at Delhi University under a government-funded project. In essence, it uses a system of genes from soil bacterium that makes mustard generally a self-pollinating plant better suited to hybridisation than current methods.

Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

4. Recently, the scientists at the Centre for Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics of the University of Madras have succeeded in characterising such surface proteins of some pathogenic bacteria that have deadly effects on humans. Consider the following statements regarding the effects of newly discovered bacteria on Human body:

1) The strain S. agalacticae is a Gram-positive bacterium that causes life-threatening diseases such as bacterial sepsis and meningitis in newborn babies and several diseases including pneumonia in non-pregnant adults.

2) This antibiotic-resistant bacterium, E. faecium causes urinary tract infection and surgical site infections.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c

Explanation:

Bacteria have specific surface proteins which are used for binding to host cells. Scientists at the Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, at the University of Madras, have succeeded in characterising such surface proteins of some pathogenic bacteria including Streptococcus agalactiae and Enterococcus faecium. Infection by both of these bacteria can have deadly effects on humans.

The strain S. agalacticae is a Gram-positive bacterium that causes life-threatening diseases such as bacterial sepsis and meningitis in newborn babies and several diseases including pneumonia in non-pregnant adults. The group has characterised the structure and binding properties of its surface proteins.

But the more exciting discovery is the structure of the SgrA protein of E. faecium. This antibiotic-resistant bacterium causes urinary tract infection and surgical site infections. Catheter-induced infections could also be caused by this strain as its surface protein SgrA is known to be able to bind to abiotic surfaces, such as polystyrene.

5. Recently, India and Israel have developed which of the following longer-range surface-to-air system after Barak 8?

a. Spyder
b. Snider
c. Barak 9
d. Python 2

Answer: a

Explanation:

India carried out a test firing of a SPYDER quick-reaction surface-to-air missile (QRSAM). The test took place on Thursday from a test range in the eastern Indian state of Odisha, where India conducts most of its missile testing.

The SPYDER, which stands for Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby, is developed by Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defence Systems. India and Israel concluded a deal for the missiles in 2009.

Moreover, India and Israel have jointly developed the Barak 8, a longer-range surface-to-air system that may have a range of up to 100 kilometres. Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and India’s DRDO collaborated on the Barak.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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