Enrich your vocab for Bank exam: ‘Pakistan's double standards’

Here is a news article taken from a leading newspaper taken from a leading daily named ‘The Times of India’ (dated January 15th, 2017). The challenging words are highlighted in bold along with their synonyms, antonyms, and how they are used in the form of a sentence.

Created On: Jan 18, 2017 17:03 IST

In any reading comprehension, the role of vocabulary is of paramount importance. A rich vocabulary will definitely help you to understand its correct pronunciation, correct spelling and contextual use of words. There is no need to learn difficult words but you should be able to figure out the meaning of the word. In order to improve your vocabulary, you should always make an effort to improve your reading and learning capacity. Aspirants are advised to attempt the below quiz. It will definitely help you to prepare better.

Article: Pakistan's double standards: 'Extremist outfits are not terror groups', interior minister says’

Pakistan's interior minister has publicly and unwittingly acknowledged something the world has long known - Islamabad makes a distinction between 'good terrorists' and 'bad terrorists'. And the government is now facing a backlash from an aghast opposition for promoting this distinction, Pakistani media reported.
Last week, in the Pakistani Senate, interior minister Chaudhry Nisar said there should be a distinction made between banned terrorist outfits and banned sectarian organizations. The meaning of the former is self evident; the latter refers to extremist religious organizations.

Nisar's comments were no slip of the tongue, because yesterday, he went so far as to say there should be separate laws for the two groups.

"Those suggesting that I uttered something sacrilegious by saying terrorist organisations and those organisations that were proscribed on the basis of sectarian differences are different have not examined the record," he said, referring to the list of proscribed organisations compiled by the National Counter Terrorism Authority(Nacta).

"Can Allama Sajid Naqvi be linked to any terrorist organisation? Can [Syed Hamid Ali Shah] Moosavi be linked to a terrorist organisation? No, they are patriotic Pakistanis," Nisar said about the two Shia leaders, whose groups are indeed on the Nacta list.

When Nisar first made these comments last week, stunned Senate members staged a walk out. The opposition Pakistan People's Party called minister Nisar "a spokesman [for] terrorist outfits".

Another opposition member, MQM senator Tahir Hussain said the interior minister's remarks were surprising as some sectarian organisations were more dangerous and cruel than the Taliban. Hussain accused the government of promoting sectarianism, and added that "sectarian outfits were equally terrorists," Dawn reported.

Nisar made those remarks in the context of his defending his meeting with Ahmed Ludhianivi, chief of the banned sectarian organisation Ahle-e-Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ).

Last month, a Pakistan Supreme Court-constituted commission came down heavily against Nisar for meeting with the banned group in October. The Commission - set up to investigate the August Quetta massacre - went so far as to say the country's central government was "cavorting with" banned terror groups, Dawn reported.

Clearly that made no difference to Nisar. "It is unfair to link everything to Maulana Ludhiyanvi," he said yesterday, referring to criticism of his meeting with the head of the banned ASWJ.

The Pakistani press took Nisar to task for his comments, but such things have never made much difference in the past.

"...to suggest that sectarian violence is some lesser form of terrorism, which is what the interior minister's words imply, is wrong: it is the very bedrock upon which terrorism of the kind we see in Pakistan is based," said a Dawn editorialA Pakistan ki Awaz editorial titled 'Chaudhry Nisar's wisdom' was scathing in its criticism of Nisar.

"For the security czar of a country battling the malign effects of terrorism to be attempting to draw fine distinctions between sectarian and other terrorism, in a pale mirror image of Musharraf's good and bad Taliban binary, beggars belief. Sectarian terrorism's toll is as horrendous, if not worse, than 'pure' terrorism. And is the worthy minister unaware of the nexus between sectarian and other terrorist organisations? Terrorists are terrorists, period," the editorial wrote.

1. Unwittingly (adverb) (अनिच्छापूर्वक): without knowing or planning.

Synonym: Unintentionally, unawarely, unconsciously, accidently

Antonym: Knowingly, advisedly, wittingly, consciously

Sentence: Unwittingly, she deleted the references which she got after such a hard work.

2. Backlash (noun) (पलटाव): is a strong reaction by a large number of people, related to social or political development.

Synonym: Resentment, repercussion, resistance, retaliation

Antonym: Cause, question, resignation

Sentence: Politicians should refrain themselves from passing any hurting statements in order to save from the backlash of the public.

3. Aghast (adjective) (भौंचक्का): is to fill with horror or shock.

Synonym: Horrified, agog, appalled, awestruck

Antonym: Unsurprised, carefree, comfortable, exultant

Sentence: His father was aghast when he heard that abusing statement from his son’s mouth.

4. Sacrilegious (adjective) (पवित्रवस्तुदूषक): is defined as a crime of stealing of sacred things.

Synonym: Profane, blasphemous, sinful, atheistic

Antonym: Clean, decent, moral, pure

Sentence: The kidnapping of Sita by Ravana (in Ramayana) is one of the most sacrilegious acts ever done in the past.

5. Proscribed (verb) (वर्जित): means to prohibit or forbid something.

Synonym: Forbid, outlaw, prohibit, banish

Antonym: Allow, permit, approve, commend

Sentence: The entrance of females in some of the temples of India is still proscribed.

6. Sectarian (adjective/noun) (कट्टरपंथी): refers to a member of a group with a particular set of interests.

Synonym: Factional, parochial, partisan, dissident

Antonym: Broad, conforming, broad-minded, liberal

Sentence: The nations should agree to aside all sectarian relations when dealing with social and community matters.

7. Massacre (noun/verb) (नरसंहार): is an act of killing people.

Synonym: Bloodbath, carnage, bloodshed, slaughter

Antonym: Saving, protection, security, salvation

Sentence: The massacre of Jallianwala Bagh is still remembered as one of the saddest events in the history of India.

8. Bedrock (noun) (आधार-शैल): is the hard area of rock in the ground that holds up the loose soil above.

Synonym: Base, bottom, ground, substratum

Antonym: Top, ceiling, head, crests

Sentence: The bedrock on which the soldiers were fighting was slippery.

9. Malign (adjective/verb) (निन्दाकरना): is to defame someone or cause harm or evil.

Synonym: Slander, besmirch, denigrate, disparage

Antonym: Clean, flatter, praise, exalt

Sentence: He maligned the entire atmosphere by his rude and obnoxious behavior.

10. Nexus (noun) (विश्राम): refers to a relationship or connection between people or things or a central or a focal point.

Synonym: Center, core, network, union

Antonym: Exterior, discord, consignation, disintegrate

Sentence: The past and the future has no nexus between the two.

Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed

1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘horrendous’(भयानक)

1. Atrocious
2. Gracious
3. Delightful
4. Lucky
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (1)

Explanation: The given word refers to something which is extremely unpleasant or bad. So, from theabove-given options, option (1) is a right choice as the synonym of the word.

2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘slip of the tongue’ (ज़बानफ़िसलना)

1. Foul
2. Slip of the pen
3. Blooper
4. Faux pas
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (2)

Explanation: The given word refers to something which is misspelled or mispronounced. Hence, from the given options, option (2) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word.

3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘distinction’ (अंतर)

1. Appreciation
2. Unity
3. Discrimination
4. Similarity
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (3)

Explanation: The given word refers todifferentiate with something. So, from the given options, option (3) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘mirror image’ (दर्पणप्रतिबिम्ब)

1. Standalone
2. Contrast
3. Middle finger
4. Carbon copy
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (4)

Explanation: The given word refers to something which is similar in nature. Therefore, from the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘imply’ (मतलब)

1. Define
2. Hint
3. State
4. Describe
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (2)

Explanation: The given word refers to indicate or mean something. Hence, from all the above options, option (2) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

Word of the Day


Meaning (English) – is a story with doubtful authenticity or something which has a hidden or secretive part.

Meaning (Hindi) – संदिग्धप्रमाण

Synonyms – Fictitious, inaccurate

Antonyms – Authentic, doubtless

Example – My daughter does not believe in the apocryphal story of Christmas.

उदाहरण – मेरी बेटी क्रिसमस की मनगढ़ंत कहानी में विश्वास नहीं करती।

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