SBI PO Exam 2017: Vocab Quiz ‘Democracy remains the key to women’s equality’

Without further ado, below is an article taken from a leading newspaper ‘The Economic Times’ (dated March 8th, 2017). The difficult words are highlighted in bold along with their synonyms, antonyms, and how they are used in the form of a sentence.

Created On: Mar 15, 2017 16:00 IST
Modified On: Mar 15, 2017 17:56 IST

In many walks of life, a good vocabulary can take you anywhere and is regarded as the predictor of a person’s occupational success. Your professional success is very much dependent on thinking and communication skills. Vocabulary acts as a tool for both thought and communication. So, how about thinking ways to improve your vocabulary? Well, we can help you in this regards and to make things easier, we are bringing you day-to-day articles from the leading newspapers. You don’t have to go back to school and do boring exercise world. Instead, you can make the most of it while learning new words and getting abreast with the latest happening of national and international importance.

Article: Democracy remains the key to women’s equality

International Women’s Day serves to remind us, lost, as we tend to be, in the hurly-burly of daily toil, of a vital goal of equality that has not only not been achieved ever since it was recognised as a vital part of social emancipation but appears as remote today as it was a decade ago.

Gender equality should not be the concern of women alone, but of all citizens who want to live in a democratic polity and an equitable society. Sure, this cannot be achieved by dedicating one day to the cause. But that one day should serve to re-examine the work agenda towards equality and rededicate every organisation to this goal.

In India, the next step towards gender justice varies, depending on one’s location. In some parts, it is ending female foeticide and getting girls into schools. In some circles, it is progressing to paternity leave. In some religions, it is ending bias rooted in personal law, in others, it is bringing tradition and practice in line with reformed laws. In a place like Nagaland, customary law precludes women from political leadership, putting it at odds with the basic spirit of the Constitution. Unlike in countries with a relatively more even spread of social development, in India, the relative liberation of working women, especially those in the organised sector, from the drudgery of unpaid, unrecognised domestic work comes at the expense of less fortunate women, who are still redeemed from abject poverty by the menial jobs they perform at other people’s homes.

But all women live under the shadow of sexual violence in India, whether actresses, call centre executives working late in the office or returning home at dusk, rural women stepping out to relieve themselves or just about any woman deemed, as per the norms of patriarchal tradition, to be transgressing codes of propriety in terms of dress, place, time or the gender of her companion.

Yes, there are horrid acid attacks by spurned men, but there are also women who increasingly break the glass ceiling or fight back against sexual harassment at the workplace. Stronger democracy is what all women need, along with men.

1. Hurly-burly (noun) (हल-चल)Hurly-burlyrefers to being in a busy or turbulent state.

Synonym: Restlessness, confusion, tumult, uproar

Antonym: Peace, hush, quietude, tranquility

Sentence: However old we grow, we still miss the hurly-burly of the school life.

2. Toil (verb/noun) (मशक़्क़त)Toil is to work extremely hard work, especially work that makes you feel physically tired.

Synonym: Exertion, application, effort, labor

Antonym: Laziness, entertainment, idleness, laziness

Sentence: A life of toil is an ideal state of life.

3. Emancipation (noun) (मुक्ति)Emancipation refers to the process of giving people social or political freedom and rights.

Synonym: Independence, liberation, deliverance, delivery

Antonym: Hold, imprisonment, restraint, captivity

Sentence: More and more steps should be taken for the social and political emancipation of today’s women.

4. Polity (noun) (राजतंत्र)Polity refers to any kind of political entity or a form or process of civil government or constitution.

Synonym: Commonwealth, community, federation, republic

Antonym: Autocracy, despotism, monocracy, realm

Sentence: Adolf Hitler follows a different polity of self-contained nepotism.

5. Foeticide (noun) (भ्रूणहत्या)Foeticide is killing of fetus, especially illegal abortion.

Synonym: Infanticide, feticide, abortion, misbirth

Antonym: None

SentenceFemale foeticide is still relevant in rural areas of our country.

6. Precludes (verb) (निवारण)Precludes is to prevent something from happening or preventing someone from doing something.

Synonym: Inhibit, avert, cease, deter

Antonym: Advance, assist, encourage, permit

Sentence: His miserable conditions preclude him to lead a poor life.

7. Drudgery (noun) (नीरस काम)Drudgery refers to dull or fatiguing work.

Synonym: Tedious, chore, grind, labor

Antonym: Entertainment, snap, fun, leisure

Sentence: From many years, the government follows the drudgery of penning doing policies without any action.

8. Abject (adjective) (दयनीय)Abject refers to the state of being extremely unhappy, poor or unsuccessful state.

Synonym: Wretched, dejected, contemptible, fawning

Antonym: Commendable, exalted, excellent, magnificent

Sentence: Your abject apology cannot alter the consequences of your wrong-doings.

9. Patriarchal (adjective) (पितृसत्तात्मक)Patriarchal is a social system in which males hold primary power, dominate roles and control of property.

Synonym: Fatherly, matriarchal, paternal, benign

Antonym: Maternal, feminism

Sentence: In the 21st century, we should make efforts to get rid of patriarchal society.

10. Spurned (verb) (अस्वीकृत)Spurned refers to refuse to accept something or someone.

Synonym: Despise, disdain, dismiss, flout

Antonym: Accept, admire, allow, approve

Sentence: Being spurned by the parents, he found shelter at the divine temple.

Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed

 1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘horrid’ (भयानक)

1. Delightful
2. Attractive
3. Ghastly
4. Wonderful
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (3)

Explanation: The given word refers to something which is quite rough or causing horror. So, from the above-given options, option (3) is a right choice as the synonym of the word.

2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘vital’ (अत्यावश्यक)

1. Additional
2. Insignificant
3. Trivial
4. Cardinal
5. Other than those given in options

Solution: Option (4)

Explanation: The given word refers to something which is absolutely necessary or essential in nature. Hence, from the given options, option (4) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word.

3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘bias’ (तरफदारी)

1. Justice
2. Prejudice
3. Antipathy
4. Impartiality
5. Other than those given in options

 Solution: Option (2)

Explanation: The given word is an action of supporting or opposing a particular person or thing in an unfair way. So, from the given options, option (2) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘customary’ (प्रचलित)

1. Traditional
2. Occasional
3. Unusual
4. Rare
5. Other than those given in options

 Solution: Option (1)

Explanation: The given word refers to the usual practices or according to the customs associated with a particular society, place or set of circumstances. Hence, from the given options, option (1) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.

5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘menial’ (छोटा काम)

1. High
2. Noble
3. Humdrum
4. Skilled
5. Other than those given in options

 Solution: Option (3)

Explanation: The given word refers to a lowly or sometimes degrading work. Therefore, from all the above options, option (3) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.


Word of the Day


Meaning (English) – means beauty and is used

to define the beauty or physical features of women.

Meaning (Hindi) – ख़ूबसूरती

Synonyms – Allure, glamor

Antonyms – Ugliness, squalor

Example – The irresistible pulchritude of the actress won everyone's heart.

उदाहरण – अभिनेत्री की अनूठी शख्सियत ने हर किसी का दिल जीत लिया|

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