With a few months left for the UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2021, the aspirants are revising the syllabus in full swing. With lots of current affairs part to read at hand, aspirants should not neglect the importance of static syllabus while revising. Indian History is a vital part of the static syllabus and aspirants often face difficulty in memorizing the facts and events from ancient and medieval history. In this article, we have provided effective steps and strategies that will help aspirants to revise the Ancient and Medieval history effectively.
Important Topics from Ancient and Medieval History that Should Not Be Missed
It is to be noted that the UPSC syllabus for Indian history is vast like an ocean. Hence, it is important to categorize the most important topics which should not be missed while revising for the UPSC Prelims exam 2020:
• Art & Culture: Indian heritage, architecture, basic tenets of religions, philosophies, philosophers
• Names of ancient or medieval officers, customs, books, authors
• Important social events in various periods and kings/ dynasties related to it
Steps to Quickly Revise and Memorize Ancient and Medieval History Topics
Most topics in History are inter-knitted. Hence it is necessary to co-relate events and memorize them with chronology.
Terminology: In ancient and medieval history, terminologies are one of the most important topics with at least one question asked from the topic each year. It is necessary to remember the names of ancient or medieval officers, customs, books, authors, etc. For reference, check the below question asked by UPSC in 2016.
Ques: With reference to the economic history of medieval India, the term ‘Araghatta’ refers to:
- Bonded labour
- Land grants made to military officers
- Waterwheel used in the irrigation of land
- Wasteland converted to cultivated land
Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilisation is a part of ancient history. The following topics should be well revised before appearing in the exam.
• Harappan sites ( largest site, east-west-north-south extension, artifacts associated with them, unique features, etc)
• Art, Crafts, and Seals.
• Social and religious life.of Indus Valley Civilisation
Kings and Kingdoms: A topic can be covered under various sub-topics like the various emperors, battles fought by them, significant developments during the reign of each king. The socio-cultural contributions of the rulers should also be studied well.
Vedic Era: Comparison of early Vedic with later Vedic phase, Society – family life, types of marriages, the status of women, literature written during the Vedic period, etc.
Religious Movements: focus on Bhakti and Sufi movements, associated figures, saints, literature, words, terms, etc.
Important Sources for Revising Ancient and Medieval History
• History NCERT of Classes VI, VII and VIII
• Ancient India Class XI NCERT by R S Sharma.
• Medieval India Class XI NCERT by Satish Chandra.
• Tamil Nadu State Board history textbook of Classes XI and XII
• Facets of Indian Culture – Spectrum
• CCRT Website
• NIOS material
• General Knowledge by Lucent’s (Value addition to your revision)