15-member United Nations Security Council (UNSC) uanimously adopted the resolution 2165 in New York on 14 July 2014. The resolution 2165 sought to allow cross-border aid to three million Syrians.
The resolution authorized UN Humanitarian agencies and other agencies to deliver relief materials to Syrians for 180 days across the conflict lines and through additional border crossings. It also called for the expeditious deployment of a monitoring mechanism to assure compliance.
The four additional border crossings through which relief delivery will take place are Bab al-Salam, Bab al-Hawa, Al Yarubiyah and Al-Ramtha. Bab a-Salam and Bab al-Hawa are border crossings in Turkey, Al-Yarubiyah in Iraq and Al-Ramtha in Jordan. All of these border crossings fall outside the control of the Syrian government.
The relief delivery will be in the form of food supplies, access to basic healthcare, delivery of medical and surgical supplies. Due to unavailability of safe food and basic health care, humanitarian situation has deteriorated in Syria.
The resolution also called for a cease-fire and resumption of political talks. The resolution declared that all Syrian parties to the conflict must help enable the delivery of humanitarian aid and take all appropriate measures to safeguard UN personnel.
The resolution came five months after the Council adopted resolution 2139 in February 2014, in which it demanded unhindered humanitarian access to those in need inside Syria, where the conflict has raged for over three years. The resolution adopted on 14 July 2014 was jointly sponsored by Australia, Jordan, and Luxembourg. Despite initial opposition, Russia and China both supported the resolution.
Comment and Exam Preparation Notes
UNSC adopted the resolution 2165 on 14 July 2014, amid increasing humanitarian crisis in Syria. According to the UN humanitarian agencies, there are three million refugees from Syria outside the country and 10.8 million displaced in Syria. Some 4.5 million of these displaced persons are in hard-to-reach areas.
In his latest report, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon noted that the main obstacle to humanitarian access is the deliberate decision by the Syrian authorities to systematically prohibit the delivery of vital relief supplies. It has been reported that month after month, Syrian authorities confiscated medical and surgical equipment for the most vulnerable populations living in areas controlled by the opposition to Assad’s regime and they denied the passage of humanitarian convoys through the border crossings identified as priorities by the UN.
The resolution 2165 can be taken as serious efforts to provide humanitarian solution in the Syria. Syrian crisis is now in its fourth year with over 150000 people killed.
The resolution adopted on 14 July 2014 showcased an unusual agreement on Syria among the often divided council for the first time in the recent days. It has never been able to adopt a legally binding resolution calling for an end to the conflict. Earlier, the council has been deeply divided over Syria, between Russia and China, key allies of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and the United States and its European allies, who have backed the opposition.
On 22 February 2014, the UNSC had reached a rare agreement and adopted a resolution 2139 focusing on the growing humanitarian crisis and demanding that all sides in the conflict allow immediate access for aid, lift the sieges of populated areas, stop depriving civilians of food, halt attacks against civilians and withdraw foreign fighters. Resolution 2139 set out very clearly the council’s expectations of what the Syrian parties need to do. But situation in Syria actually worsened.
Effect of whole efforts is lying on the support of Syrian government and rebels. We have to see that how much Syrian government is extending its help to fulfill the humanitarian helps to civilian people. Earlier, Syrian government viewed aid entering the country without its approval as an attack on its sovereignty. Russia and China have to use their influence on Assad government to execute humanitarian helps and minimize atrocities on common people of Syria. Rebels have to see that civilian in the areas of their control, getting humanitarian helps, because they are fighting with regime not the common people of Syria. The United Nations has been accusing the Syrian regime of imposing bureaucratic and arbitrary obstacles to the delivery of humanitarian aid.
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Who: 15-member UNSC
What: Adopted resolution 2165
When: 14 July 2014