Adoption Regulations, 2017 came into force on 16 January
The Adoption Regulations, 2017 were framed by the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) under the section 68 (c) of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
Adoption Regulations, 2017 becomes operational on 16 January 2017. The new set of regulations seeks to further strengthen the adoption programme in the country by replacing the Guidelines Governing Adoption of Children 2015.
Highlights of Adoption Regulations, 2017
• They were notified by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development.
• The regulations are in tune with the Hague Adoption Convention to which India is a signatory.
• Fundamental principles that govern adoptions of children from India are primacy to child’s best interests and registrations of all adoptions on Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System.
• Any orphan or abandoned or surrendered child, who is declared legally free for adoption by the Child Welfare Committee is eligible for adoption.
• The prospective adoptive parents shall be physically, mentally and emotionally stable, financially capable and shall not have any life threatening medical condition.
• No child shall be given in adoption to a couple unless they have at least two years of stable marital relationship.
• As soon as a child is declared legally free for adoption by the Child Welfare Committee, such child shall be allowed to be given in adoption to a resident Indian or non-resident Indian parents.
• The prospective adoptive parents shall opt for desired State or States by giving option for those particular States at the time of registration.
• Registration on Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System would be a deemed registration in all Specialised Adoption Agencies of the State or States they have opted for.
• The prospective adoptive parents shall select a Specialised Adoption Agency nearest to their residence for Home Study Report in their State of habitual residence.
• After viewing the profile of the child or children, the prospective adoptive parents may reserve one child within a period of forty-eight hours for possible adoption.
• The entire process of matching shall be completed within a maximum period of twenty days from the date of reserving the child.
• The Specialised Adoption Agency is empowered to organise a meeting of the prospective adoptive parents with the child.