Archaeologists have discovered a granary with walls of mud-bricks during just-concluded excavation at Rakhigarhi village a Harappan civilisation site, in Haryana. The discovered granary that has rectangular and squarish chambers is in a remarkably good condition. The excavation work was done from January to April 2014.
Some Important findings at the site of granary
• Its floor is made of ramped earth and plastered with mud
• Traces of lime, and its presence indicates that it was used in the storehouse as it acts as insecticide
• Decomposed grass have been found in the granary walls, might be possible it was used to prevents moisture from entering the grains
The excavation process at Rakhigarhi was carried on by students and teachers of the Department of Archaeology, Deccan College Post-Graduate & Research Institute of Pune and Maharshi Dayanand University of Rohtak in Haryana. Director of the excavation was Vasant Shinde, Vice-Chancellor/Director, Deccan College.
As per the archaeologists, the nature and structure suggests that the big structure that extends on all sides of the granary didn’t help them to make sure that was this private or public granary. They concluded that all the discoveries inclusive, when estimated would have a total area of 350 hectare.
Rakhigarhi is a site of mature Harappan phase from 2600 BCE to 2000 BCE. Across three countries namely India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, there are about 2000 Harappan sites.
Rakhigarhi as an Archaeological Site
The Rakhigarhi site belongs to the mature Harappan phase, which lasted from 2600 BCE to 2000 BCE and is located in Hisar district of Haryana. It is the largest Harappan site ever found. The village was discovered to be a part of the Indus Valley Civilisation including early Harappan settlements, in the year 1963. It’s considered that the village spans over the dry bed of Sarasvati River (believed to be disappeared by drying up by 2000 BC).
Archaeological Survey of India started excavation work in the Rakhigarhi area in 1997. They have revealed that the lost city had an approximate area of at least 2.2 square kilometres. Till date, they have discovered several artifacts, which are found to be about 5,000 years old.
At present, Rakhigarhi is situated in the confluence of two rivers Ghaggar and Chautang (it is a seasonal river in the state). These two rivers once were the main contributors to the Sarasvati River till Yamuna changed its course.