The Union Cabinet led by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its consent for the creation of the posts of Chairman and Technical Members of the National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) under GST.
The decision was followed up immediately after the sharp reduction in the GST rates of a large number of items of mass consumption.
This paves the way for the immediate establishment of this apex body, which is mandated to ensure that the benefits of the reduction in GST rates on goods or services are passed on to the ultimate consumers by way of a reduction in prices.
Structure of NAA
The National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) will be headed by a senior officer of the level of Secretary to the Government of India with four Technical Members from the Centre and/or the States.
Objective of NAA
The objective of NAA is to aim at comforting consumers that Government is fully committed to taking all possible steps to make sure the benefits of implementation of GST in terms of lower prices of the goods and services reach them.
National Anti-profiteering Authority
The "anti-profiteering" measures are enshrined in the GST law, which provides an institutional mechanism to make sure that the full benefits of input tax credits and reduced GST rates on the supply of goods or services flow to the consumers.
This institutional framework comprises the NAA, a Standing Committee, Screening Committees in every State and the Directorate General of Safeguards in the Central Board of Excise & Customs (CBEC).
How will NAA work?
Affected consumers who feel the benefit of proportionate reduction in prices is not being passed on when they purchase any goods or services may apply for relief to the Screening Committee in the particular State.
However, in case the incident of profiteering relates to an item of mass impact with 'All India' ramification, the application may be directly made to the Standing Committee.
After forming a prima facie view that there is an element of profiteering, the Standing Committee shall refer the matter for detailed investigation to the Director General of Safeguards, CBEC, which shall report its findings to the NAA.
In the event, the NAA substantiate there is an inevitability to apply anti-profiteering measures, it has the authority to order the supplier/business concerned to decrease its prices or return the undue benefit availed by it along with interest to the recipient of the goods or services.
If the undue benefit cannot be passed on to the recipient, it can be ordered to be deposited in the Consumer Welfare Fund.
In extreme cases, the NAA can impose a penalty on the defaulting business entity and even order the cancellation of its registration under GST.
The constitution of the NAA shall bolster the confidence of consumers as they reap the benefits of the recent reduction in GST rates, in particular, and of GST, in general.
Background of this decision
Within a few months of implementation of GST in India, there were hues and cries from the business class to common man. To comfort this situation, the government cut the GST rate from 28% to 18% on goods falling under 178 headings from the midnight of 14th November 2017.
There are now only 50 items which attract the GST rate of 28%. Similarly, a large number of items have witnessed a cutback in GST rates from 18% to 12% and so on and some goods have been completely exempt from GST.
Further, to make the entire GST roll-out process smooth, the Union Cabinet passed this NAA.
Who: Union Cabinet
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