The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 28, 2018 approved the proposal of Department of School Education and Literacy to formulate a new Integrated Scheme on School Education.
The scheme would be formulated by subsuming Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE). It would be valid from April 1, 2018 until March 31, 2020.
The Cabinet has approved an estimated allocation of Rs 75,000 crore over the period, which is a 20% increase over the current allocations.
Key Features of the scheme
The scheme envisions to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education from nursery to senior secondary stage in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goal for Education.
Its main emphasis is on improving quality of school education by focusing on the two T's - Teacher and Technology.
The objectives of the scheme are as follows:
• Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students
• Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education
• Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education
• Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions
• Promoting vocationalization of education
• Support States in the implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009
• Strengthening and up-gradation of State Councils for Educational Research and Training (SCERTs)/State Institutes of Education and District Institutes for Education and Training (DIET) as nodal agencies for teacher training
• The scheme will give flexibility to the states and UTs to plan and prioritise their interventions within the scheme norms and the overall resource envelope available to them.
• It will help improve the transition rates across the various levels of school education and assist in promoting universal access to children to complete their school education.
• By providing quality education, the scheme aims to equip the children with varied skills and knowledge essential for their holistic development and prepare them for higher education in the future.
• It would lead to an optimal utilisation of budgetary allocations and effective use of human resources and institutional structures created for the previous schemes.
Benefits of the scheme
• The scheme will focus on the quality of education with special emphasis on improvement of learning outcomes.
• The scheme will also enable inclusion of senior secondary levels and pre-school levels in support for school education for the first time.
• It will enhance capacity building of teachers and lay focus on strengthening Teacher Education Institutions like SCERTs and DIETs to improve the quality of teacher training.
• It will enhance the use of digital technology in education through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTK channels.
• It will enable improvement in the quality of infrastructure in Government Schools.
• The scheme will offer a specific provision for Swachhta activities - support 'SwachhVidyalaya'.
• It will also enhance the commitment towards 'BetiBachaoBetiPadhao’, by upgrading Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas from class VI -VIII to up to class XII.
• It will lay special emphasis on 'Kaushal Vikas' in schools.
• It will also support 'Khelo India' by providing sports and physical equipment.
• It will also give preference to Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), LWEs, Special Focus Districts (SFDs), Border areas and the 115 aspirational districts.
The scheme comes in the backdrop of PM’s vision of SabkoShiksha, AchhiShiksha and aims to support the States in universalizing access to school education from classes pre-nursery to XII across the country.
Why: For School Education