The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 2 January 2014 gave its nod for the implementation of the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. The project will be implemented with the assistance of the World Bank over a period of six years (from 2013-14 to 2019-20).
This project will benefit the rural population of about 78 lakh persons including 44 lakh scheduled castes and more than 8 lakh scheduled tribes. The project will help the people with improved piped water supply which will cover approximately 17400 habitations in 2150 Gram Panchayats (GPs) in the following 33 districts of the four States.
The total Project cost of 6000 crore rupees will be financed through Government of India [from the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) allocation – 33 percent], State Government (fund sharing as per NRDWP guidelines – 16 percent), beneficiary contribution (1 percent) and external financing (World Bank-IDA funds – 50 percent).
Government of India will repay the amount of US$ 500 million extended as credit by the World Bank over a period of 25 years with 1.25 percent interest rate.
• Assam: 7 districts (Hailakandi, Kamrup, Jorhat, Morigaon, Bongaigaon, Sonitpur and Sibsagar) with estimated population coverage of about 14 lakh
• Bihar: 10 districts (Patna, Begusarai, Munger, Muzzafarpur, West Champaran, Nalanda, Nawada, Saran, Purnia and Banka) with estimated population coverage of about 24 lakh
• Jharkhand: 6 districts (East Singhbum, Dumka, Garwah, Palamu, Saraikela-Kharsawan and Khunti) with estimated population coverage of about 12 lakh
• Uttar Pradesh: 10 Eastern UP districts (Gorakhpur, Kushi Nagar, Deoria, Basti, Ghazipur, Ballia, Allahabad, Sonbhadra, Bahraich and Gonda) with estimated population coverage of about 28 lakh
The key features of the project are:
• Strengthening and empowering of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) as well as ensuring direct involvement of beneficiary communities in the scheme implementation. Schemes will be implemented with integral involvement of GPs
• Sanitation in conjoint approach with water is conceptualized as an integrated component of the proposed project
• The project will implement pilot programs such as 24/7 water supply provision in select areas, and new technologies such as use of solar energy
• There shall be an intensive Capacity Building programme for all stakeholders down to the GP level
• Intensive Information, Education and Communication (IEC) and Behavioural Change Communication (BCC) programs will be carried out.
• The project will support the universal provision of household connections, meters for bulk water supply, and promotion of household meters, wherever appropriate,
• There will be a focus on monitoring and surveillance of drinking water quality,
• Grievance redressal measures of a GP, District and State level will be captured by the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system proposed under the project,
• Technical, financial, procurement and social audits during scheme planning, implementation and O&M will be conducted
• Demonstration of beneficiary support for the schemes through a onetime upfront community contribution (Rs. 450 per household/ Rs. 225 for SC/ST household) towards capital cost
• The Project will adopt a phased approach for achieving full Operation and Maintenance (O&M) cost recovery through user fees
Implementation of the project will improve the usage and access of piped drinking water supplied into individual homes. This will help the women and children will be beneficial because of the facility as at present they bear the burden of securing the daily water supplies available to them.
By adopting a convergence approach with Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) and the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) the implementation of the project will improve the sanitation conditions in the targeted district.
24 quality affected (arsenic/fluoride/iron) districts will be covered under the program to provide potable water. The rural population will benefit from effective IEC and Behavioral Change Communication (BCC) programs.
The 12th Five Year Plan for Rural Water Supply envisages achieving piped water supply coverage for 50 percent rural population in the country with 30 percent rural population having household tap connections. This project is therefore conceptualized to provide a focused thrust in the four low income states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand which have less than 10 percent piped water coverage) and Uttar Pradesh (Eastern) which has high incidences of JE/AES cases.
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