The latest report of UN panel on Climate Change released on 30 March 2014 has warned that the climate change being faced in Asia has increased the risk of armed conflict among India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and China. As per the report, the possibility of war would be due to the severe stress on water resources and food-grain production in future, due to climatic change.
The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its report has assessed the impacts of climate change on human health, settlements and natural resources. In its findings the panel concluded that the environmental change is heading towards terrible conditions and the worst is yet to come, if no measures are taken to curb the ill-effects of global warming.
In context of India the report says that India, like other developing economies would lose a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) up to 1.7 percent in case the annual temperature rises at a mean of 1 degree Celsius as compared to pre-industrialisation level. The effects of the climatic change will hit maximum to the poor.
Environmental change and its impact in India in terms of weather events are flash floods in Uttarakhand in 2013 and cyclone Phailin in Odisha. May be such more events would occur in future if any major step is not taken to control the temperature rise. In its highlight it has also suggested the major sector of beach tourism will also be affected in many countries. India in the list has been listed as vulnerable among 51 countries.
Lead author of one of the chapters of the report, Aromar Revi now in Delhi said that the impacts of climate change would be felt severely in Indo-Gangetic plains. He suggested that the Indus river basin and Brahmaputra river system shall not be ignored for a long period. He has also suggested that the areas that suffer from frequent floods would also face drought like situation in near or distant future.
Surender Kumar, another lead author claimed that this sharp change of the climate would affect the poorer nations and would knock down the GDP of developing economies if the temperature increases by 1 degree Celsius.
Earlier, UN release of fourth week of March has claimed that 2013 was the sixth warmest year in recorded history. In other separate releases National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and NASA have confirmed that the trend of global warming is continuing.