Climate Ambition Summit: India to exceed Paris Agreement targets, says PM Narendra Modi

UN Chief has urged the leaders of the nations to declare a 'state of climate emergency’ until they are able to achieve carbon neutrality.

Created On: Dec 13, 2020 14:56 ISTModified On: Dec 13, 2020 14:57 IST
PM Modi address Climate Ambition Summit

PM Modi on December 12, 2020, addressed the Climate Ambition Summit 2020 and mentioned that India is not only on track to achieve its Paris Agreement targets but is to exceed them beyond expectations. He also informed that India has reduced its carbon emission intensity by 21% over 2005 levels.

The summit was co-hosted by United Nations, France, and the United Kingdom to mark the 5th anniversary of the Paris Agreement. The participant nations focused on the actions that are aimed to tackle the climate change issue.

The summit also saw the address of the General-Secretary of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres who urged the leaders of the countries to take essential steps while highlighting the need of saving the planet Earth for the future generation.

India increases its renewable energy and solar capacity:

Prime Minister in his address highlighted that India’s renewable energy capacity is the 4th largest in the world and it will reach 175 GigaWatts in 2022. He also informed that the country has an even more ambitious target of achieving 450 GigaWatts of renewable energy capacity by the year 2030.

While talking about solar capacity, PM Modi noted that India’s solar capacity has grown from 2.63 Gigawatts to 36 Gigawatts in 2020.

Two major initiatives by India on the world stage to safeguard the environment:

Prime Minister Modi in his address highlighted that India has safeguarding its biodiversity and expanding its forest cover. While on the world stage, it has pioneered two major initiatives ‘Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure and International Solar Alliance’. He added that India will be celebrating 100 years as an independent modern nation in 2047.

While focusing to set the world’s sight higher, PM Modi emphasized that we must not lose sight of the past. The countries must revise the ambitions but also review the achievements against the targets that are already set only then our voices will be credible for the future generations.

UN chief urges leaders to declare a state of climate emergency:

The United Nations General-Secretary Antonio Guterres while addressing the Climate Ambition Summit 2020 called on the leaders of the member nations to declare a 'state of climate emergency’ until they are able to achieve carbon neutrality. He also talked about the essential steps that must be taken to save the Earth for future generations.

Call to save the Earth for future generations:

While addressing the summit, the Secretary-General of United Nations urged the leaders of the member nations to show ambition and stop assaulting the planet and must do what is essential to guarantee the future of children and grandchildren.

As per the Secretary-General, there are countries that do not adhere to the commitments that are provisioned by the Paris Agreement which in return may result in a catastrophic temperature rise of more than 3 degrees in this century.

Demand to reduce global emission:

General-Secretary Antonio Guterres highlighted that the international community might be able to reach the carbon neutrality which is set out in the Paris Agreement only if global emission will be reduced by 45% by 2030 compared with the levels of 2010.

He further noted that to this end, countries must implement sufficient technologies, transform their economies, and must integrate the goal of carbon neutrality into all economies, fiscal policies, and decisions.

About Paris Agreement:

It is an international treaty on climate change that was adopted on December 12, 2015, by 196 parties at COP21 in Paris and entered into force on November 4, 2016.

Paris agreement was designed to keep the rise in global temperatures less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Countries, which signed the agreement, pledged of reducing greenhouse gas emissions for achieving carbon neutrality by mid-century. Carbon neutrality is a balance between the volume of carbon dioxide emissions and carbon dioxide absorption by forests, oceans, and soil.

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