Current Affairs in Short: 10 May 2019
US has unveiled first of its kind strategy to prevent, detect and respond to threats from infectious diseases occurring naturally or accidentally.
India, Vietnam vow to build a peaceful, prosperous Indo-pacific region
• India and Vietnam on May 10, 2019 yet again highlighted the importance of building a peaceful Indo-pacific region, based on the respect for national sovereignty and international law.
• This was reiterated during high-level delegation talks between Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and his Vietnamese counterpart Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh, held in Vietnam’s capital city Hanoi.
• The two leaders, while discussing a range of cooperation areas, expressed hope that the concerned nations in the Indo-pacific region are able to come to a consensus on a code of conduct in the South China Sea.
• The nations also agreed to strengthen their bilateral cooperation further in many fields including security and defence.
India, China to resolve market access issues
• India and China on May 10, 2019 agreed to resolve market access issues on an urgent basis to promote a more balanced trade.
• The agreement was reached upon following a meeting between Commerce Secretary Anup Wadhawan and General Administration of Customs of China, Vice Minister Li Guo.
• The Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry also signed a protocol during the meeting for the export of Indian chilli meal to China.
• Besides this, the two nations discussed various trade-related issues regarding pending Indian request for clearance of agricultural products.
Haematologist Lucy Wills’ 131st birth anniversary observed globally
• The 131st birth anniversary of leading British haematologist Lucy Wills was observed across the world on May 10, 2019.
• Born in 1888, Wills was known to be the pioneer in tackling prenatal anaemia during pregnancy. Her seminal work in India in 1928 on macrocytic anaemia during pregnancy, helped identify folic acid supplementation to prevent anaemia in pregnant women.
• She spent most of her life traveling around the world and researching on the health of pregnant women until her death in 1964.
• She discovered that poor women were the ones with both the most deficient diets and the greatest susceptibility to anemia. This type of anemia was then known as pernicious anemia of pregnancy.
• However, Lucy Wills was able to prove that the anemia she observed was differed from true pernicious anemia. Her observations led to the discovery of a nutritional factor in yeast which both prevents and cures this disorder.
US unveils strategy to detect and respond to health security threats globally
• The United States has unveiled the first of its kind strategy to prevent, detect and respond to threats from infectious diseases occurring naturally or accidentally.
• The move is aimed at improving the world's ability to stop and contain deadly outbreaks before they spread between countries.
• The Global Health Security Strategy defines the actions that the US administration will take by adopting a government approach to health security and leveraging the strengths of different federal departments, agencies and funding streams.
• The strategy specifically identifies combating biological threats and pandemics as a cornerstone of national security.
Pope changes Church law to compel reporting of sex abuse by priests
• Pope Francis on May 9, 2019 passed a new law to compel those who know about sex abuse in the Catholic Church to report it to their superiors.
• Under the new law, every district under the pastoral care of a Bishop will now be required to create a system for reporting sex abuse by June 2020.
• However, the law will not be applicable to the secrets revealed to the priests in form of confessions.
• The decision follows a series of cases of sex abuse involving priests in nations across the world.
• The law will only apply within the Church and it will not have any authority to force individuals to report abuse to civil authorities.