Global Climate Action Summit 2018: Indian cities, states step up climate action plans

Sep 14, 2018 12:18 IST
Global Climate Action Summit 2018: Indian cities, states step up climate action plans

The Global Climate Action Summit 2018 was held during September 12-14, 2018 at San Francisco, California, United States.

Over 4000 businesses, cities, states and civil society delegates attended the summit and showed their commitments to achieve the goals set by the Paris Agreement.

The co-chairs of the Summit, Governor of California Edmund G. Brown Jr. and UN’s Special Envoy for Climate Action Michael R Bloomberg, unveiled a new report demonstrating how cities, states, and businesses can help the US in achieving its 2025 emissions reduction target.

Indian cities, states step up climate action plans

At the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit, mayors and government functionaries of Indian cities announced to scale up their actions to combat climate change and to protect people from hazardous climate impacts.

At the high-level ‘Forum on India Climate Actions’, convened by US-based Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and partners, the officials, mayors and leaders detailed their plans ranging from heat action to cool roofs and building codes.

Heat Action Plans

Maharashtra Principal Secretary for Financial Reforms, Sujata Saunik announced that six more states would adopt heat action plans.

In 2018, based on guidance provided by the central government, 13 states and over 30 cities adopted or are developing Heat Action Plans. These 13 states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.

Soon all 17 Indian States, prone to extreme heat, will have plans in place to protect communities from deadly temperatures.

Key elements of effective Heat Action Plans

  • Community outreach to build public awareness
  • Early warning systems and inter-agency coordination
  • Capacity building among healthcare professionals
  • Addressing vulnerability of the population
  • Implementing adaptive measures

Actions and plans announced by Telangana

  • Telangana Principal Secretary, Arvind Kumar mentioned that the state intends to convert 1000 buildings to cool roofs as part of the city's Heat Action Plan. Cool roofs will be used on all low income government housing, schools and hospitals to lower indoor temperatures without using electricity.
  • Five more cities in Telangana would adopt energy conservation building codes and online compliance systems by 2020. Buildings currently account for 30 percent of India's electricity consumption.
  • He also launched a new case study entitled 'Getting Climate Ready' which is aimed at helping other cities and states to formulate their own efficient building codes.
  • Telangana will increase its number of electric buses from 40 now to 2000 by 2019.
  • As part of the state's soon-to-be-released Electric Vehicle Policy, all new three-wheel rickshaws will be electric, as no new diesel three-wheelers will be allowed.

Actions and plans announced by Ahmedabad Mayor Bijalben Patel

  • Ahmedabad Mayor Bijalben Patel said her city will develop a citywide cool roofs policy by 2019.
  • For tackling air pollution, Patel discussed the city's innovative Air Information Response (AIR) Plan, and previewed the findings of a forthcoming study on the plan's effectiveness.
  • She prioritised waste management and pledged that her city will be zero waste by 2031.
  • Combustion of fossil fuels is a major contributor to air pollution in India.
  • The NRDC and the Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA) announced plans to provide 15000 more solar powered pumps to saltpan farmers in Gujarat.

Actions and plans announced by Ahmedabad Mayor Bijalben Patel

  • Pune Mayor Mukta Tilak said the city will have 500 electric buses serving residents by 2020, and that all diesel buses will be eliminated by 2021.
  • During the climate action summit, Tilak accepted a Policy Innovation Award in honor of a city program employing 3000 women to collect waste door-to-door from 600000 houses.

Launch of the Global Green Bond Partnership

• At the Global Climate Action Summit (GCAS), the Global Green Bond Partnership (GGBP) was launched. This new partnership will support efforts of cities, states, regions, corporations, private companies, and financial institutions to accelerate the issuance of green bonds.

• The founding members of the Global Green Bond Partnership GGBP include - World Bank, IFC – a member of the World Bank Group, Amundi of European Investment Bank, Climate Bonds Initiative of Ceres, and ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability of GCoM and the Low Emissions Development Strategies Global Partnership (LEDS GP).

• The members of the Global Green Bond Partnership (GGBP) will work together to scale green bond issuance primarily by sub-national entities and corporations.

• The Partnership will coordinate with efforts such as IFC’s Green Cornerstone Bond Fund Support Program to compliment the Amundi Planet Emerging Green One Fund and other targeted efforts.

Mahindra & Mahindra to go Carbon Neutral by 2040



Speaking at the Global Climate Action Summit 2018, Anand Mahindra, Chairman of Mahindra Group announced that Mahindra will leverage the latest technological advances and will work towards being carbon neutral by 2040.

Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M), India’s leading manufacturer of utility vehicles and part of the USD 20.7 billion Mahindra Group, will venture to become a carbon neutral company by 2040.

The residual emissions will be addressed through carbon sinks. The company has more than 10 years of experience in creating carbon sinks.

M&M was the first company in the world to commit to double energy productivity by signing The Climate Group’s program ‘EP100’. The company was also the first Indian company to announce its internal Carbon Price of USD 10 per ton of carbon emitted to fund investments required for carbon neutrality.

The company will be working on its carbon neutrality commitment with the international non-profit organisation, Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).

 

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