The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) on 11 October 2016 released the 2016 Global Hunger Index (GHI).
It says if hunger declines at the same rate as it has since 1992, more than 45 countries including India, Pakistan, Haiti, Yemen, and Afghanistan will still have moderate to alarming hunger scores in 2030.
Highlights of the Global Hunger Index
• The Central African Republic, Chad, and Zambia had the highest levels of hunger in the report.
• Seven countries had alarming levels of hunger, while 43 countries including high-population countries like India, Nigeria and Indonesia had serious hunger levels.
• The level of hunger in developing countries has fallen by 29 percent since 2000.
• Twenty countries including Rwanda, Cambodia, and Myanmar have all reduced their GHI scores by over 50 percent each since 2000. And no developing countries were in the extremely alarming category.
• Although the Latin America region has the lowest regional GHI score in the developing world, but Haiti has the fourth highest GHI score at an alarming 36.9. Mexico has a low level of overall hunger.
• Armed conflict is a leading cause of hunger and undernutrition in many of these countries like Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, and the Syrian Arab Republic.
• The GHI score for the developing world as a whole is 21.3, which is in the low end of the serious category.
• Regionally, Africa South of the Sahara has the highest hunger level, followed closely by South Asia.
• This year’s report hails a new paradigm of international development proposed in the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which envisages Zero Hunger by 2030.
India's position in Global Hunger Index 2016
• India is ranked at 97th and Pakistan at 107th. All other Asian neighbours did relatively better- China (29), Nepal (72), Myanmar (75), Sri Lanka (84) and Bangladesh (90).
• India’s GHI score of 28.5 is worse than the developing country average score of 21.3.
• Although India runs two of the world's biggest children's nutrition programmes, the ICDS for children under 6 years and the mid-day meal programme for school going kids up to the age of 14, still malnutrition continues to haunt India.
About Global Hunger Index
• GHI is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries' hunger situation.
• The GHI, now in its 11th year, ranks countries based on four key indicators: undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting and child stunting.
• The 2016 report ranked 118 countries in the developing world, almost half of which have serious or alarming hunger levels.
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