Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan on 6 August 2014 asked all Indian airports to setup Ebola check posts to screen and track passengers travelling from West Africa. He also advised all Indians to avoid travelling to Ebola-affected places till the situation gets better.
Around 45000 Indians live in the Ebola-affected places, viz., Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. There is a possibility that these Indians travel back to India to safeguard themselves from Ebola Virus.
Thereby, it is mandatory to report to immigration check for all the passengers coming from or transiting through affected countries. Passengers would be informed about the Ebola check posts through in-flight announcements.
There would be suitable facilities at the airports to look after the travellers showing symptoms of the disease. The surveillance system would track the travellers for four weeks from now.
World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently reported around 1600 Ebola-infected cases including 887 deaths in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria till 4 August 2014.
Key Facts about Ebola Virus
• Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe human disease.
• Ebola Virus was formerly known by the name Ebola haemorrhagic fever.
• EVD outbreak is generally witnessed in villages of Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests.
• The virus spreads through contact with an infected animal mainly Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family.
• Person suffering from Ebola Virus develops symptoms after two to three days of contracting with virus. These symptoms can be fever, sore throat, headache, nausea, muscle pain. In worst of cases, person may get affected with Diarrhoea along with poor functioning of liver and kidneys.
• Ebola-infected patients require thorough care. No specific treatment or medications are available to cure such patients.
• Ebola Virus was first witnessed in 1976 when it infected people of Nzara, Sudan, and Yambuku in Democratic Republic of Congo. Yambuku is a village near the Ebola River. The disease ‘Ebola Virus’ took its name from that river.
• Professor Peter Piot of London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine discovered the Ebola virus in 1976 from a blood sample of a dying Catholic nun in Congo
When: 6 August 2014