India on 21 November 2016 became an Associate Member State of European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) by signing an agreement with the organisation.
The agreement was signed by Sekhar Basu, Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission and CERN Director General Fabiola Gianotti in Mumbai.
In 2015, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for the Membership of CERN following which the CERN Council has accepted India as an Associate member.
India's Contribution in CERN
• The participation of Indian scientists in CERN dates back to early 1960s and it became stronger with the support of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and Department of Science and Technology (DST).
• In 1991, DAE signed a formal agreement with CERN which exists till today.
• In 2003, India was awarded the Observer status of CERN and was subsequently invited to join CERN as an Associate Member
• India made significant contributions to the construction of Large Hadron Collider (LHC), in the areas of design, development and supply of hardware accelerator systems and its commissioning.
• India is also one of the leading partners in the ALICE experiment which is about to unearth the physics of quark-gluon plasma (QGP).
• Indian scientists played a very important role in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiments, which is one of the two large experiments that have led to the discovery of the Higgs Boson. The discovery of the Higgs Boson at the LHC is the most talked about scientific discovery in recent memory.
• Indian scientists are also involved in high-tech particle detectors and electronics research, ISOLDE and n-TOF experiments of CERN.
• In large-scale computing, India made key contributions in terms of designing, developing and deploying software for the Worldwide Large Hadron Collider Grid (WLCG).
• The grid Tier2 centers established at Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai are facilitating the running of computational jobs by various CERN collaborations.
About European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
• CERN is a provisional body founded in 1952 with the directive of setting up a world-class fundamental physics research organization in Europe.
• It is the world’s largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory where scientists probe the fundamental structure of the Universe through scientific instruments and computing systems.
• It is based in Geneva on the French-Swiss border encompassing 22 member states, four associate member states.
When: 21 November 2016