India, Germany sign 17 MoUs, five joint declarations exchanged 

India and Germany signed 17 MoUs in areas including migration, Ayurveda and yoga, occupational diseases and maritime technology.

India, Germany sign 17 MoUs
India, Germany sign 17 MoUs

India and Germany signed 17 MoUs in areas including migration, Ayurveda and yoga, occupational diseases, maritime technology and start-ups during German Chancellor Angela Merkel's two-day visit to India from October 31- November 2, 2019. 

The two nations also exchanged five joint declarations of intent which included cooperation on strategic projects, partnership for green urban mobility, development of AI and cooperation to prevent marine litter. 

The German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited India to co-chair the 5th Inter-Governmental Consultations (IGC) along with PM Narendra Modi. She was accompanied by top-level Ministers and a business delegation. During the visit, the German Chancellor conducted bilateral discussions with President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The German Chancellor and PM Narendra Modi issued a joint statement after the conclusion of the talks.

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Following are the five joint declarations of intent:

Joint Declaration

Indian Signatory

German Signatory


Joint Declaration of Intent on Consultations for the period 2020-2024

Dr. S. Jaishankar, EAM

Mr. Heiko Maas, Foreign Minister


Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) of Regarding Cooperation on Strategic Projects

Vinod Kumar Yadav, Chairman, Railway Board

Christian Hirte Parliamentary State Secretary, Ministry of Economic Affairs & Energy


Joint Declaration of Intent on Indo-German Partnership for Green Urban Mobility

Durga Shankar Mishra, Secretary, MoHUA

Norbert Barthle, Parliamentary State Secretary, Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development


Joint Declaration of Intent for Joint Cooperation in Research & Development on Artificial Intelligence

Prof Ashutosh Sharma Secretary, MST

Anja Karliczek, Minister of Education & Research


Joint Declaration of Intent regarding the cooperation in the field of prevention of marine litter

Durga Shankar Mishra, Secretary, MoHUA

Jochen Flasbarth, Parliamentary State Secretary, Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation & Nuclear Safety

Following are the 17 India-Germany MoUs:

S. no


Field/ Area of Cooperation


Implementing Arrangement

Exchange of Personnel between ISRO and German Aerospace Centre



Joint Declaration of Intent

Cooperation in the Field of Civil Aviation


Joint Declaration of Intent 

Cooperation within the International Smart Cities Network


Joint Declaration of Intent 

Cooperation between the Field of Skills Development and Vocational Education and Training


Joint Declaration of Intent 

Strengthening Economic Cooperation in the field of Start-ups


Joint Declaration of Intent 

Establishment of Bilateral Cooperation Project regarding Agricultural Market Development


Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

Occupational Diseases, Re-habilitation and vocational training of Insured Persons & workers with disabilities


Memorandum of Understanding

Cooperation in Inland, Coastal and Maritime Technology


Memorandum of Understanding

Cooperation in Inland, Coastal and Maritime Technology


Memorandum of Understanding

Establishment of an Academic Collaboration in Ayurveda, Yoga and Meditation


Memorandum of Understanding

India and Germany on Cooperation in the Field of Higher Education for Extension of the period of Indo-German Partnership in Higher Education


Memorandum of Understanding

National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management MANAGE signed the MoU with the German Agricultural Academy DEULA for collaboration in agricultural technical and professional training


Joint Declaration of Intent 

Exchanged between Siemens Limited, India and MSDE and German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development on Skills for Sustainable Growth


Memorandum of Understanding

Extension of Indo-German Partnership in Higher Education


Memorandum of Understanding

Cooperation between the National Museum, the National Gallery of Modern Art, the Indian Museum Kolkata, the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation and the Stiftung Humboldt Forum in Berliner Schloss


Memorandum of Understanding

All India Football Federation (AIFF) signed MoU with Deutscher Fußball-Bund e.V (DFB)


Statement of Intent 

The document was exchanged on key elements of the Indo-German Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement

India-Germany Joint Statement:

The German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed key issues including jointly driving the digital transformation through innovation and frontier technologies, especially AI making economic growth sustainable by cooperating on climate change, boosting people to people ties, enabling legal mobility for skilled labour and contributing to creating a reliable international order. 

1. Artificial Intelligence and Digital Transformation

The two leaders agreed to work together to foster cooperation on AI technologies to promote innovation and sustainable development.

They reaffirmed the importance of building a Digital Partnership to boost regular interaction towards collaboration on the next-generation technologies. Both nations aim to build a collaborative partnership, recognizing the increasing integration of hardware and software in developing AI solutions for societal benefits.

India and Germany have both drawn out their country-specific strategies on AI and recognise its potential for research and innovation as well as on society in general. The key focus areas include - Health, Mobility, Environment and Agriculture.

The two countries recognized the need for further cooperation by fostering multidisciplinary research and development in AI by sharing expertise and best practices. Towards the same, Germany’s Education Ministry and India’s Department of Science and Technology agreed to organize a bilateral workshop in Berlin in 2020 through the Indo-German Science and Technology Centre to identify areas of mutual interest.

The two leaders further agreed that their digital companies will jointly work to enhance market opportunity and bilateral investments in each other’s countries. They also agreed to enable cooperation in standardization, IT-security in networked systems, testbeds and use cases, business models and B2B-platforms and on topics shaping the future digital ecosystems for Industry 4.0. 

The two nations also welcomed the proposal to conduct boot camps for Start-ups to help create an ecosystem that will promote innovation and foster entrepreneurship in digital platforms.

2. Bilateral trade and investment

The German Chancellor and Indian PM also underlined their determination to enhance bilateral trade and investment and deepen negotiations on a balanced Free Trade Agreement between India and the EU. 

They also agreed to intensify efforts towards an investment protection agreement between the EU member states and India. Germany announced that it will grant investment guarantees for eligible direct investments by German companies in India.

The leaders also welcomed the continuation of the German Indian Startup Exchange Program (GINSEP) and the introduction of a new German Accelerator (GA) programme "Next Step India” that could lead to a full GA programme for the German Startups in India.

Further, the two leaders agreed to intensify their efforts to close the gap between the demand and shortage of skilled workforce. To eradicate child labour and forced labour, the leaders agreed to follow-up on the G20 strategy to eradicate child labour, forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking agreed on under Argentina’s G20 presidency.

The two sides also spoke on coming to a common conclusion if the future course of action in undertaking High-Speed and Semi-High-Speed-Rail-projects in India.

In the area of space cooperation, the leaders agreed to further strengthen their cooperation in the areas of earth observation and disaster management.

Germany further expressed support for the Coalition For Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) and announced its intention of joining it formally and working with India and other international partners for climate and disaster-resilient and sustainable infrastructure investments.

3. Climate Action and Sustainable Development

The leaders underlined the need for close cooperation in the field of energy and transport transition in India and Germany to capitalize on the economic potential of climate protection.

They also expressed concern regarding the inadequate global level of climate action and called on all countries to step up their efforts. The two nations further stressed on the need to undertake climate actions based on the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. They also reiterated their commitment to constructively work with all partners towards a successful COP25.

The two leaders also agreed to foster cooperation on low-carbon mobility solutions Germany offered to provide additional concessional finance of Euros 1 billion to support green urban mobility infrastructure and services in Indian cities. Germany also expressed its desire to join the International Solar Alliance (ISA).

4. People-to-People Bond

The two leaders agreed to promote the teaching of modern Indian languages in German educational institutions and to evaluate the impact of traditional medicine, especially Yoga and Ayurveda for the benefit of people. They also agreed to hold the 1st India-Germany Consular Dialogue at an early date.

Germany would also be establishing a Schengen-Visa-Centre in Mumbai within the German Consulate General from August 2020 to facilitate the smooth issuance of visas.

5. Sharing Global Responsibility
The two leaders acknowledged the need to further deepen bilateral defence cooperation as strategic partners to jointly address global and regional security challenges.

India and Germany agreed to closely cooperate during the Indian G20 Presidency and the German G7 Presidency in 2022. They also reaffirmed their commitment towards the creation of a stable, united, prosperous and peaceful Afghanistan.

6. Terrorism

In the area of terrorism, the two leaders called upon all countries to root out all terrorist havens in the world and disrupt the terrorist networks and financing channels and stop their cross-border movement. They also underlined the need for all countries to ensure that their territory is not used as launch pads for terrorist attacks on other countries.

To present a united front in fighting terrorism, the leaders called for the adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) in March 2020.

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Also read:Top Current Affairs Quiz: 1 November 2019 

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