India on 7 January 2014 launched the third phase of its housing project in Sri Lanka. The project has been expanded its category of beneficiaries and has included the Indian origin Tamils who are settled in the central part of Sri Lanka as plantation laborers.
In the third phase of the project, 16000 houses will be built of which a new category of beneficiaries would be the Tamil plantation workers, who were brought in Sri Lanka by the British. At present these people live in miserable conditions in shanty-like line houses and mainly live in Uva and Central provinces.
In second phase of the project, India constructed 10000 houses in the Northern and Eastern parts of Sri Lanka. The project was executed for the internally displaced people affected by the civil war.
About Indian Housing Project of Sri Lanka
The Indian Housing Project is a housing reconstruction project funded by the Government of India and implemented through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Sri Lanka (GOSL). Four Implementing Agencies (IAs) have been selected for this project, which is being executed in the Northern and Eastern Provinces of Sri Lanka. UN-Habitat is one of the IAs together with the International Federation for the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in partnership with Sri Lanka Red Cross, the National Housing Development Authority (NHDA) of the Government of Sri Lanka and Habitat for Humanity. The project will be implemented in 36 month, which has to be done from mid-2012 until mid-2015.
Under the Indian Housing project of Sri Lanka 50000 houses will be constructed and this is the single largest full grant assistance programme of Indian Government anywhere in the world. Under the beneficiary driven model 2 lakh 55 thousand rupees are transferred to selected beneficiaries for repairing of the houses and 5.50 lakh rupees for fully reconstruction of the houses. The construction work is done by the internationally chosen agencies, which needs to work under the supervision of the beneficiary themselves. The beneficiaries are selected on basis of clearly laid down criteria in consultation with the Government of Sri Lanka. Funds will be released directly by the High Commission of India into bank accounts of beneficiaries based on certification of progress of work.
The Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh announced India´s commitment to build 50000 housing units during the State visit of the President of Sri Lanka Mahinda Rajapaksa, to India in June 2010. This commitment also formed part of the Joint Declaration issued in New Delhi during the visit. The Housing Project, with a commitment of over 270 million US dollars in grants, is the flagship project of India´s developmental assistance to Sri Lanka.
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