Nepal and India for the first time will commence a joint tiger census next month in their forests, national parks and protected areas neighbouring the two countries using a globally-recognised method.
Conservation authorities and specialist would install cameras in various places in tiger habitation as well as in buffer zones to capture and track the activities of the big cat.
This is the first time India-Nepal are counting tiger heads using the same method that is recognised internationally. Both countries had decided to use the camera tapping procedure for the joint. Through this technology, chances of repeated counting will be avoided.
Parsa Wildlife Reserve of Nepal and the Chitwan National Park in Chitwan are adjoining to the Balmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar. Similarly, Indias Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary adjoins Nepals Bardiya National Park while the Indias Dudhwa Tiger Reserve adjoins Shuklaphant National Park in Nepal.
Tiger Conservation: A Report
• Tiger is an endangered animal listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The last tiger count carried out by Nepal in 2013 puts the number of adult tigers around 200 in the Himalayan country.
• Current figures demonstrate that since 2010, the approximate number of tigers across 13-TRC (Tiger Range Countries) including India and Nepal stood at 3,900.
• Tiger range countries (TRCs) are those where the big cat wanders freely.
• In 2010, at the International Tiger Conference in Russia, participating nations including Nepal had made an obligation to double the tiger population by 2022.
• This obligation means Nepal would have at least 250 tigers, 100% raise from its 2010 tiger count which had put the number of the big cat at 125.
• The 13 tiger range countries include Bangladesh, China, India, Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Nepal, Russia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
As per the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), tigers have lost 93% of their historical range. Human and wildlife conflict, poaching and unlawful wildlife trade and climate change are among the foremost grounds that has pushed the feline into the in danger of extinction category.
Tiger Conservation in India
The tiger is an iconic species, and tiger conservation is concerned in endeavour to check the animal from becoming extinct and conserving its natural habitat.
This is one of the main objectives of international animal conservation charities. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has participated in a critical role in improving international efforts for tiger conservation.
The Indian Government has taken a revolutionary project for conserving its national animal, the tiger, by initiation of the ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973.
From the Nine tiger reserves since its shaping years, the Project Tiger has helped to increase it to 50 at present.
The tiger reserves are composed on a buffer/core approach. The buffer or peripheral areas are a mix of forest and non-forest land, whereas core areas have the lawful status of a national park or a sanctuary.
The Project Tiger aims to foster an exclusive tiger agenda in the core areas of tiger reserves, with an inclusive people oriented agenda in the buffer.