Special Forces of the Indian Army in coordination with the Air Force on 9 June 2015 carried out surgical operations (cross-border operation) inside Myanmar to target militant groups.
In this one of the first-of-its-kind cross-border operation about 50 militants of groups namely NSCN (K) and KYKL were killed. They were hiding along the Nagaland-Myanmar and Manipur-Myanmar border.
The move for such a surgical operation was taken after militant groups killed 18 jawans of 6 Dogra Regiment of Indian Army in an ambush in Chandel district of Manipur on 4 June 2015.
The operation was guided by specific and precise intelligence input. The strike was carried out inside Myanmar with the coordination of local authorities.
The preparedness and finesse of the operation could be gauged from the fact that Indian Army did not suffer any sort of casualty.
How this move is different from past operations?
This cross-border operation is not new for Indian Army as in past it has carried out such operations. In April-May 1995, Operation Golden Bird was launched as an India-Myanmar joint operation along the Mizoram border which killed almost 40 militants.
In December 2003, Operation All Clear was launched in partnership with Royal Bhutan Army (RBA) which neutralized (either killed or caught) 650 militants belonging to ULFA, NDFB and KLO.
In 2001 and January 2006, Indian and Myanmar reportedly conducted some small-scale joint military operations inside Myanmar to flush out militants from the NSCN (Khaplang) group.
However, in all the previous operations Indian Army involvement was limited to logistics and medical cover only and it was a joint operation.
In this operation, the manpower or artillery support was all of Indian Army and in no way was a joint operation. In fact, India, as per reports, seemed to have let the Myanmar government known about this operation after it had concluded.
Further, with this operation, India has tried to shred its image of Soft State and let the world known that India under the new regime is ready to go to any extent to protect its sovereign interests and security.
Also, this operation was a fine example of coordination between different ministries and departments of Indian government, viz., Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Defence, National Security Adviser (NSA) and intelligence agencies.
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Who: Indian Army
When: 9 June 2015