INS Vikramaditya aircraft carrier was inducted into the Indian Navy on 16 November 2013 giving a boost to the India’s maritime warfare capabilities. The INS Vikramaditya (44500 tonne carrier Admiral Gorshkov) was commissioned by the Union Defence Minister, AK Antony and the Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Dmitry Rogozin in a ceremony at the sub zero temperature in the wind-swept Sevmash Shipyard in the city of Severodvinsk port in the northern Arctic region of Russia.
At the time of commissioning, the Russian flag on the 2.3 billion dollar vessel was lowered and the flag of the Indian Navy was raised in its place. The transfer deed of the aircraft carrier was signed by commanding officer of Vikramaditya Captain Suraj Beri and Deputy Director of Russian arms exporter Rosoboronexport Igor Sevastyanov.
The commissioning of the INS Vikramaditya will enhance the reach and capability of Indian Navy and its induction with its integral MiG 29K fighters and Kamov-31 helicopters will add a new dimension to the operational capabilities of the Navy.
About INS Vikramaditya
INS Vikramaditya, the floating airfield has an overall length of about 284 meters and a maximum beam of about 60 meters, which stretches as much as three football fields put together. Standing about 20 storeys’ tall from keel to the highest point, the sheer sight of this 44500 tonne mega structure of steel is awe inspiring. The ship has total 22 decks.
The INS Vikramaditya can carry over 1600 persons on board and have the capacity of 8000 tonnes of LSHSD. It has the capable operations up to the range of over 7000 nautical miles (13000 kms). It can cut through the seas with the speed of up to 30 knots and is powered by 8 new generation steam boilers which can generate the total output power of 180000 SHP. These boilers power four enormous propellers, each greater in diameter than twice the height of an average male. This is a four propeller - four shaft configurations is another first in the Indian Navy. It has the power generation capacity onboard of 18 megawatts.
An extensive revamp of sensors including fitment of Long range Air Surveillance Radars, Advanced Electronic Warfare Suite makes the ship capable of maintaining a surveillance bubble of over 500 kms around the ship.
The ship has the ability to carry over 30 aircraft comprising an assortment of MiG 29K/Sea Harrier, Kamov 31, Kamov 28, Sea King, ALH-Dhruv and Chetak helicopters. The MiG 29K swing role fighter is the main offensive platform and provides a quantum jump for the Indian Navy’s maritime strike capability. These fourth generation air superiority fighters provide a significant fillip for the Indian Navy with a range of over 700 nm and an array of weapons including anti-ship missiles, Beyond Visual Range air-to-air missiles, guided bombs and rockets.
The ship is equipped with state of the art launch and recovery systems along with aids to enable smooth and efficient operation of ship borne aircraft. Major systems include the LUNA Landing system for MiGs, DAPS Landing system for Sea Harriers and Flight deck lighting systems.
The heart of the operational network that infuses life into the combat systems onboard the ship is the Computer aided Action Information Organisation (CAIO) system, LESORUB-E, with the capability to gather data from ship’s sensors and data links and to process, collate and assemble comprehensive tactical pictures. This state of the art system has been specifically designed keeping in mind the essential requirement on the carrier for fighter control and direction.
One of the most prominent equipment fitted on the super structure is the Resistor-E radar complex. Resistor-E is the automated system designed for providing air traffic control, approach/landing and short range navigation for ship borne aircraft. INS Vikramaditya also boasts of a very modern communication complex, CCS MK II, to meet her external communication requirement. Installation of Link II tactical data system allows her to be fully integrated with the Indian Navy’s network centric operations.