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Major General Per Lodin appointed to head UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan

Jun 10, 2016 10:05 IST

Per Lodin, Major General of Sweden, was on 8 June 2016 appointed as the Head of the UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP). Lodin's appointment was approved by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

Major General Lodin succeeds Major General Delali Johnson Sakyi of Ghana, who will complete his two-year assignment as Chief Military Observer and Head of UNMOGIP on 2 July 2016.

About Major General Per Lodin
• Lodin is currently the head of Strategic Material Management at Forsvarets materielverk (FMV), the Swedish Defence Ministry’s procurement and logistics arm.
• He had earlier served as the head of the task force centre of Kosovo Force (KFOR), the multi-national peacekeeping mission led by NATO in 2006-2007.
• He began his military career in the Swedish Army in 1978.

About UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)
• According to the Security Council mandate, UNMOGIP reports on ceasefire violations along the Line of Control between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir.
• It also observes and reports developments that could lead to ceasefire violations.
• It has personnel from 10 countries comprising 44 military members and 72 civilian staff.
• UNMOGIP began the operations in 1949.

Background
• India has always been against the UNMOGIP. It has maintained that the UNMOGIP has been made irrelevant by the 1972 Simla Agreement between Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto that recognises the Kashmir dispute as a bilateral issue.
• While on the other hand, Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has called for an expansion of the UNMOGIP and his country continues to file complaints with it about alleged Indian ceasefire violations.
• In 2014, India asked the UNMOGIP to leave the government building it had provided the mission.

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